Types of Sparring
There are many forms of sparring in TaeKwonDo. They range from basic to advanced, step to free sparring. As a student progresses they will learn each type and be expected to demonstrate a level competency at each grade.
3 Step Sparring (Sambo Matsoki)
Designed for beginners to learn and apply basic attack and defence techniques, and to develop focus, distance and timing. It also introduces the concept of attacking the closed and open gates.
2 Step Sparring (Ibo Matsoki)
Designed for the intermediate student to learn more complex attacks and defences.
1 Step Sparring (Ilbo Matsoki)
The most complex form of step sparring involving movements which are not pre-set, unlike the 2 and 3 step sparring. Techniques performed on one side must be mirrored on the other.
Semi-Free Sparring (Ban Jayoo Matsoki)
Introduces the student to free sparring type movements whilst maintaining a step sparring format. Movements should be instinctive and performed with technique and precision in order to develop more advanced attack and defence techniques.
Free Sparring (Jayoo Matsoki)
Lets the students experiment with techniques in a safe and secure environment. Careful rules are in place to prevent any dangerous techniques being used. This is sometimes mistakenly thought of as competitive sport.
Traditional Sparring (Chan T’ong Matsoki)
Is for more experienced students to use the full range of techniques taught. Due to the nature of this sparring beginners should not attempt this. The pace and control of this sparring need to be carefully monitored by experienced instructors.
2 versus 1 Sparring (Idale Matsoki)
Is used to teach students how to defend themselves against multiple opponents. This is extremely complex and a very tiring method of sparring. This type of sparring is used as the student progresses towards Black Belt.