Kent TaeKwonDo Grading Syllabus

TaeKwonDo Oath
As a student of TaeKwonDo, I solemnly pledge to abide by the rules and regulations of the TaeKwonDo Association,

To strive always to be modest, courteous and respectful to all members especially my seniors.

To put the art into use only for self-defence or defence of the weak.

I agree to never to abuse my knowledge of the art.

Traditional Oath

I shall observe the tenets of TaeKwonDo

I shall respect the instructors and seniors

I shall never misuse TaeKwonDo

I shall be a champion of freedom and justice

I shall build a more peaceful world

TaeKwonDo Tenets

Courtesy
Integrity
Perseverance
Self Control
Indomitable spirit

Class Rules

  • On entering and leaving the dojang students should always bow.
  • All students should address seniors/instructors as Sir or Ma’am.
  • Ask the instructor to enter or leave class if you need to for any reason.
  • Never bring food into the dojang.
  • Never speak out of turn or disrupt the class.
  • Never be late for class.
  • Ensure your suit is clean and ironed.
  • No jewellery should be worn.
  • Personal hygiene should be of the highest order.
  • Never lose your temper.
  • Respect all members of senior grade.

What are patterns

  • Patterns are fundamental to the improvement of technique in TaeKwonDo. Each pattern teaches a student a new technique or level of complexity using an existing technique.
  • A pattern is a combination of attack and defence movements in a fixed and logical sequence which could be used to defend against one or more imaginary opponents.
  • Patterns are practised to improve TaeKwonDo techniques, to develop speed and power, improve flexibility, master body shifting, develop muscles, balance and breathe control.
  • Each meaning gives the student a better understanding of the perseverance of the Koreans to gain independence from other countries who have occupied Korea over the centuries. An understanding of the continuous struggle to achieve this independence should give students of TaeKwonDo the incentive to persevere with the learning and perfecting of TaeKwonDo techniques.

General Choi’s reason for 24 Patterns

The reason for 24 patterns is because the founder, Major General Choi Hong Hi, compared the life of a man with a day in the life of the earth. He believed that people should strive to bequeath a good spiritual legacy to coming generations and in doing so gain immortality. Therefore if we can leave something behind for the welfare of mankind, maybe it will be the most important thing to happen in our lives, as the founder says. “Here I leave Tae Kwon-Do for mankind as a trace of man of the late 20th century. The 24 patterns represent 24 hours, one day, or all my life. The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolizes either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historical events”

Theory Of Power

Physical power combined with technique is the most important factor in TaeKwonDo, since without powerful techniques the student would not be able to overcome an assault. The development of physical power in TaeKwonDo is the result of the utilisation and co-ordination of reaction force, concentration, equilibrium, breath control and speed.

Reaction Force

Reaction Force has two elements. First, reaction force is generated by pulling the fist to the hip to increase the force of a punch to an opponent; this is often described as the piston action. Later in training the student will develop other methods of reaction force. The second is the effect of an opponent moving towards you and being struck by your attack. The total force is that of your own attack plus that of the opponent moving towards you.

Concentration

Concentration is described as the ability to mobilise the correct muscles in order to optimise the attack and to focus the attack on the target area. By utilising the correct muscle groups maximum power can be achieved. The effectiveness will be determined by the concentration of the power to the smallest possible target area.

Equilibrium

Equilibrium is classified into both dynamic and static balance. They are so closely interrelated that the maximum power can only be produced when the static stability is maintained through dynamic (mobile) stability. To maintain good equilibrium, the centre of gravity must fall on a straight line midway between both legs (assuming both feet remain on the floor).

Breath Control

Correctly controlled breathing can improve one’s stamina. It can also condition the body to receive a blow and increase the power of a blow directed toward an opponent. The student should never inhale while focusing a block or attack against an opponent otherwise the movement will be impeded and the effectiveness reduced.

Speed

Speed is an essential factor of force. Two formulae are used in the calculation of power. Force = Mass x Acceleration, which can be used to determine the power required to mobilise and indeed to demobilise a body. Secondly, Energy = ½ Mass x Velocity x Velocity, the amount of energy contained in an object travelling at speed. Both formula show that for a given mass both speed and acceleration are vital for the maximisation of power.

REMEMBER (C.R.E.M.B.S) Concentration; Reaction Force; Equilibrium [balance]; Mass; Breath Control; Speed [acceleration].

Meaning of Coloured Belt Patterns

Close
CHON-JI TUL

Literally means the “Heaven the Earth”. It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history. Therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts – one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth. (19 movements) 

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left 90 Deg – Walking – Low Section Outer Forearm Block

2. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

3. Right 180 Deg – Walking – Low Section Outer Forearm Block

4. Forward. – Walking – Middle Punch

5. Left 90 Deg – Walking – Low Section Outer Forearm Block

6. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

7. Right 180 Deg – Walking – Low Section Outer Forearm Block

8. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

9. Left 90 Deg – L – Middle Section Inner Forearm Block

10. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

11. Right 180 Deg – L – Middle Section Inner Forearm Block

12. – Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

13. Left 90 Deg – L – Middle Section Inner Forearm Block

14. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

15. Right 180 Deg – L – Middle Section Inner Forearm Block

16. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

17. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

18. Backward – Walking – Middle Punch

19. Backward – Walking – Middle Punch

End – move left foot to Parallel Ready Stance

DAN-GUN TUL

Dan-Gun is named after the Holy Dan – Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2333 B.C. (21 movements)

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block
2. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
3. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block
4. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
5. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – Low Section Outer Forearm Block
6. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
7. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
8. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
9. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block
10. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
11. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block
12. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
13. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – Low Section Outer Forearm Block
14. Walking. – Rising Block
15. Forward. – Walking. – Rising Block
16. Forward. – Walking. – Rising Block
17. Forward. – Walking. – Rising Block
18. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Strike
19. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
20. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Strike
21. Forward. – Walking – High Punch

End – move right foot to Parallel Ready Stance

DO-SAN TUL

Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Ch’ang-Ho (1876 – 1938) who devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and its independent movement. (24 movements)

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Block
2. Walking. – Middle Punch
3. Right 180 Deg. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Block
4. Walking. – Middle Punch
5. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block
6. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Straight Fingertip Thrust
7. Left 360 Deg. – Walking. – Release and High Back Fist Strike
8. Forward. – Walking. – High Back Fist Strike
9. Left 270 Deg. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Punch
10. Walking. – Middle Punch
11. Right 180 Deg. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Punch
12. Walking. – Middle Punch
13. Left 120 Deg. – Walking. – Middle Wedging Block
14. Forward. – Front Snap Kick
15. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Punch
16. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch
17. Right 60 Deg. – Walking. – Middle Wedging Block
18. Forward. – Front Snap Kick
19. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Punch
20. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch
21. Left 30 Deg. – Walking. – Rising Block
22. Forward. – Walking. – Rising Block
23. Left 270 Deg. – Sitting. – Middle Knife Hand Strike
24. Right 180 Deg. – Sitting. – Middle Knife Hand Strike

End – move right foot to Parallel Ready Stance

WON-HYO TUL

Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D. (28 movements)

Ready Stance – Close Ready Stance A

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block

2. L. – High Inward Knife Hand Strike

3. Slip Forward. – Fixed. – Middle Side Punch

4. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block

5. L. – High Inward Knife Hand Strike

6. Slip Forward. – Fixed. – Middle Side Punch

7. Left 90 Deg. – Bending Ready. – Forearm Guarding Block

8. Forward. – Middle Side Kick

9. Land in. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

10. Forward. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

11. Forward. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

12. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Straight Fingertip Thrust

13. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block

14. L. – High Inward Knife Hand Strike

15. Slip Forward. – Fixed. – Middle Side Punch

16. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block

17. L. – High Inward Knife Hand Strike

18. Slip Forward. – Fixed. – Middle Side Punch

19. Left 90. – Walking. – Circular Block

20. Forward. – Low Front Kick

21. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

22. Walking. – Circular Block

23. Low Front Kick.

24. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

25. Right up to. – Bending Ready. – Forearm Guarding Block

26. Middle Side Kick

27. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Middle Forearm Guarding Block

28. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Forearm Guarding Block

End – move right foot to Ready Stance

YUL-GOK TUL

Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536 – 1584 A.D.) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 degrees latitude and the diagram represents “scholar”.

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. To left. – Sitting. – Left Punch Measure

2. Sitting. – Middle Punch

3. Sitting. – Middle Punch

4. L to R. – Sitting. – Right Punch Measure

5. Sitting. – Middle Punch

6. Sitting. – Middle Punch

7. Right 45 Deg. – Walking. – High Inner Forearm block

8. Forward. – Walking. – Low Front Kick

9. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Punch

10. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

11. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – High Inner Forearm block

12. Forward. – Walking. – Low Front Kick

13. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Punch

14. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

15. Right 45 Deg. – Walking. – High Hooking Block

16. Walking. – High Hooking Block

17. Waling. – Middle Punch

18. Forward. – Walking. – High Hooking Block

19. Walking. – High Hooking Block

20. Walking. – Middle Punch

21. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Punch

22. L to R. – Bending Ready

23. Forward. – Side Kick

24. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Front Elbow Thrust

25. Right 180 Deg. – Bending Ready

26. Side Kick

27. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Front Elbow Thrust

28. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Twin Knife Hand Block

29. Forward. – Walking. – Straight Fingertip Thrust

30. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Twin Knife Hand Block

31. Forward. – Walking. – Straight Fingertip Thrust

32. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Block

33. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

34. Forward. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Block

35. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

36. Jump Forward. – X. – High Back Fist Strike

37. Left 270 Deg – Walking. – High Double Forearm Block

38. Left 180 Deg. – Walking. – High Double Forearm Block

End – move right foot to Ready Stance

JOONG-GUN TUL

Joong-Gun is named after the patriot An Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part of the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. An’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910AD).

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. To left. – L. – Reverse Knife Hand Block

2. Low Front Snap Kick

3. Forward. – Rear Foot. – Middle Upward Palm Block

4. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Reverse Knife Hand Block

5. Low Front Snap Kick

6. Forward. – Rear Foot. – Middle Upward Palm Block

7. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

8. – Slip Front Foot. – Walking. – Upper Elbow Thrust

9. Forward. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

10. Slip Front Foot. – Walking. – Upper Elbow Thrust

11. Forward. – Walking. – Upper Elbow Thrust

12. Forward. – Walking. – Twin Fist Upset Punch

13. Step Turn. – Walking. – X Fist Rising Block

14. Left 90 Deg. – L. – High Back Fist Strike

15. L. – Release From Grab

16. Slip Front Foot. – Walking. – High Reverse Punch

17. L to R move R. – L. – High Pack Fist Strike

18. L. – Release From Grab

19. Slip Front Foot. – Walking. – High Reverse Punch

20. R to L Forward. – Walking. – High Double Forearm Block

21. Pull in L Foot. – L. – Middle Punch

22. Forward. – Middle Side Kick

23. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Guarding Block

24. Pull in R Foot. – L. – Middle Punch

25. Forward. – Middle Side Kick

26. Land in. – L. – Middle Guarding Block

27. Slip L Foot. – Low. – Pressing Block

28. Forward. – L. – Middle Guarding Block

29. Slip R Foot. – Low. – Pressing Block

30. L to R turn 90 Deg. – Close. – Middle Circular Punch (Slow)

31. R Forward L. – Fixed. – U Shape Block

32. R to L move L. – Fixed. – U Shape Block

End – move left foot to Ready Stance

TOI-GYE TUL

Toi-Gye is the pen-name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th A.D.), an authority on neo-confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degrees latitude, the diagram represents “scholar”.

Ready Stance – Close Ready Stance B

STEP MOVE STANCE TECHNIQUE

1. Left. – L. – Middle Inner Forearm Block

2. Slip L Foot. – Walking. – Upset Fingertip Thrust

3. L to R. – Close. – Low Low Block/High Back Fist (Slow)

4. Right. – L. – Middle Inner Forearm Block

5. Slip R Foot. – Walking. – Upset Fingertip Thrust

6. R to L. – Close. – Low Block/High Back Fist (Slow)

7. Forward. – Walking. – Low X Block

8. High Twin Fist Punch

9. Forward. – Front Snap Kick

10. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Obverse Punch

11. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

12. L to R. – Close. – Posture Move Hands on Hips

13. Left 90 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

14. Right 180 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

15. Right 180 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

16. Left 180 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

17. Right 180 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

18. Right 180 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

19. R to L Forward. – L. – Low Double Forearm Block

20. Slip Left Foot. – Walking. – Double Hand Grasp

21. Forward. – Upward Knee Kick

22. Turn. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

23. Forward. – L Low Front Kick

24. Land in. – Walking. – High Flat Fingertip Thrust

25. Forward. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

26. Forward. – R Low Front Kick

27. Land in. – Walking. – High Flat Fingertip Thrust

28. Back. – L. – High Backfist and Low Block

29. Forward Jump. – X. – Low X Block

30. Slip R Foot. – Walking. – High Double Forearm Block

31. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Low Knife Hand Guarding Block

32. Slip L FootWalking. – Circular Block

33. L to R. – L. – Low Knife Hand Guarding Block

34. Slip R Foot. – Walking. – Circular Block

35. Pivot Feet. – Walking. – Circular Block

36. Pivot Feet. – Walking. – Circular Block

37. Move R Foot. – Sitting. – Middle Punch

End – move right foot to Ready Stance

HWA-RANG TUL

Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 1400 years ago. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Tae Kwon Do developed into maturity.

Ready Stance – Close Ready Stance C

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left. – Sitting. – Middle Palm Pushing Block

2. Middle Punch

3. Middle Punch

4. Right 190 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block

5. Slide Feet. – Upward Punch

6. Fixed. – Middle Side Punch

7. Pull R Foot. – Vertical. – Downward Knife Hand Strike

8. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Punch

9. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – Lower Outer Forearm Block

10. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Punch

11. Slide Foot. – Grasp Right Fist

12. Side Kick, Knife Hand Strike

13. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Punch

14. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Punch

15. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

16. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Straight Fingertip Thrust

17. Left 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

18. Middle Turning Kick

19. Middle Turning Kick. – Land in. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

20. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – Low Outer Forearm Block

21. Pull L Foot. – L. – Middle Punch

22. Forward. – L. – Middle Punch

23. Forward. – L. – Middle Punch

24. Slide L Foot. – Walking. – Low X Fist Block

25. – Slide Forward. – L. – Side Elbow Thrust

26. – Left 90 Deg. – Close. – Middle Inner/Low Outer Block

27. Change Position of Hands

28. Left Forward. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

29. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

End – move right foot to Ready Stance

CHOONG-MOO TUL

Choong-Moo was the given name to the great Admiral Yi Sun-Sin of the Joseon Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (kobukson) which was the precursor of the present day submarine in 1592 A.D. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable death having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king. (30 movements).

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Twin Knife Hand Block

2. – Forward. – Walking. – High Knife Hand Strike/Left Backhand

3. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

4. Forward. – Walking. – Flat Fingertip Thrust

5. Left 90 Deg. L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

6. Right 180 Deg. – Bending Ready

7. Middle Side Kick

8. Left 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

9. Jumping Right Side Kick. – Land. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

10. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Low Outer Forearm Block

11. Slide Left. – Walking. – Both Hands Grab Head

12. Upward Knee Kick

13. Left 180 Deg. – Walking. – High Reverse Knife Hand Strike

14. High Turning Kick

15. Foot to Foot. – Middle Back Kick

16. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Forearm Guarding Block

17. Middle Turning Kick

18. Right 90 Deg. – L. – U Shape Block

19. Jump Anti-CW. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block – 360 Deg

20. Forward. – Walking. – Fingertip Upset Thrust

21. Pull L Foot. – L. – High Back Fist and Low Block

22. – Forward. – Walking. – Middle Straight Fingertip Thrust

23. Left 270 Deg. – Walking. – High Double Forearm Block

24. Forward. – Sitting. – Middle Inward Outer Forearm Block. – High Back Fist

25. Left 180 Deg. – Middle Side Kick

26. Middle Side Kick

27. Right 180 Deg. L. – Middle X Knife Hand Check Block

28. Forward. – Walking. – Upward Twin Palm Block

29. Right 180 Deg. – Walking. – Rising Block

30. Walking. – Reverse Middle Punch

End – move right foot to Ready Stance

View syllabus – Click Belt

10th Kup

Theory

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10th Kup Theory

Stance: Sogi

Attention Stance: Charyot Sogi

Parallel Ready Stance: Narani Chumbi Sogi

Walking Stance: Gunnun Sogi

Sitting Stance: Annun Sogi

Observe Punch: Baro Jurugi

Reverse Punch: Bandae Jurugi

Ball of Foot: Ap Kumchi

Inner Forearm Block: An Palmok Maki

High Section: Nopunde

Middle Section: Kaunde

Low Section: Najunde

One: Hanna

Two: Dool

Three: Set

Four: Net

Five: Dasut

Founder: General Choi Hong Hi 9th Dan

Chief Instructor: Mr Elliott Walker 5th Dan

Senior Black Belt Examiner: Mr Brian Williams 7th Dan

Practical

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10th Kup Practical
  • Sitting Stance – 10 Single Punches
  • 10 Front Rising Kicks
  • 10 Press Ups
  • Four Directional Punch Part 1, right & left hand side
  • Four Directional Punch Part 2, right & left hand side
  • Walking Stance, Middle punch forwards and backwards
  • Walking Stance, Inner forearm block forwards and backwards
  • Walking Stance, Combination inner forearm block, reverse punch forwards and backwards
  • 3 Step Sparring Number 1-3
  • Application of Technique – Two Self Defence Techniques from Four Directional Punch
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1 - 3 Three Step Sparring

1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

9th Kup

Theory

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9th Kup Theory

Forefist: Ap Joomuk

L Stance: Niunja Sogi

Front Kick: Ap Chagi

Double Punch: Doo Jurugi

Block: Maki

Rising Block: Chookyo Maki

Back Fist Strike: Dung Jung Taerigi

Middle Section: Kaunde

Strike: Taerigi

Attention: Charyot

Bow: Kyong Yae

Start: Sijak

Stop: Hye Chow

Ready: Chumbi

Pattern: Tul

Six: Yasut

Seven: Ilgope

Eight: Yaudel

Nine: Ahope

Ten: Yaul

Yellow: Yellow signifies the earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as TaeKwonDo foundations are being laid

Meaning of Patterns: Chon Ji literally means the ‘Heaven and Earth’. It is the orient interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history. Therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. The pattern consists of two similar parts, one to represent Heaven and the other the Earth

Practical

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9th Kup Practical
  • Sitting Stance, 10 Double Punches
  • 10 Front Rising Kicks
  • 20 Press Ups
  • Chon-Ji Tul and four directional punch
  • Combination Front Snap Kick Double Punch
  • Walking Stance, Combination Inner
  • Forearm Block Reverse Punch, Low Block, Rising Block in Walking Stance,
  • 3 Step Sparring 1-5
  • Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from Pattern
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Chon-Ji Tul

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left 90 Deg – Walking – Low Section Outer Forearm Block

2. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

3. Right 180 Deg – Walking – Low Section Outer Forearm Block

4. Forward. – Walking – Middle Punch

5. Left 90 Deg – Walking – Low Section Outer Forearm Block

6. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

7. Right 180 Deg – Walking – Low Section Outer Forearm Block

8. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

9. Left 90 Deg – L – Middle Section Inner Forearm Block

10. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

11. Right 180 Deg – L – Middle Section Inner Forearm Block

12. – Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

13. Left 90 Deg – L – Middle Section Inner Forearm Block

14. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

15. Right 180 Deg – L – Middle Section Inner Forearm Block

16. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

17. Forward – Walking – Middle Punch

18. Backward – Walking – Middle Punch

19. Backward – Walking – Middle Punch

End – move left foot to Parallel Ready Stance

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1 - 5 Three Step Sparring

1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

8th Kup

Theory

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8th Kup Theory

Forearm Guarding Block – Palmok Daebi Maki

Knife Hand Guarding Block – Sonkal Daebi Maki

High Punch – Nopunde Jurugi

Twin Forearm Block – Sang Palmok Maki

Knife Hand Strike – Sonkal Taerigi

Kick – Chagi

Side Kick – Yop Chagi

Foot-sword – Balkal

Training Hall – Dojang

Training Suit – Dobok

Belt – Ti

Student – Jeja

Instructor – Sabum

Return to Ready Stance – Parrol

Dismiss – Haessan

Two Step Turn – Dwiryo Torro

Reason for 24 Patterns – 

Meaning of Dan Gun – Dan Gun is named after the Holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 BC.

Practical

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8th Kup Practical
  • Dan Gun Tul and previous patterns
  • Any pattern from lower grade syllabus
  • Basic Techniques (Low Block, Rising Block, Knife Hand Strike, Knife Hand Guarding Block, Twin Block, Front Snap Kick etc)
  • 3 Step Sparring 1-7
  • Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from Pattern
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Dan-Gun Tul

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block
2. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
3. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block
4. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
5. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – Low Section Outer Forearm Block
6. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
7. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
8. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
9. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block
10. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
11. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block
12. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
13. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – Low Section Outer Forearm Block
14. Walking. – Rising Block
15. Forward. – Walking. – Rising Block
16. Forward. – Walking. – Rising Block
17. Forward. – Walking. – Rising Block
18. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Strike
19. Forward. – Walking. – High Punch
20. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Strike
21. Forward. – Walking – High Punch

End – move right foot to Parallel Ready Stance

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1 - 7 Three Step Sparring

1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance

Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch

2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance

Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance

Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

7th Kup

Theory

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7th Kup Theory

Reverse Punch – Bandae Jurugi

Outer Forearm Block – Bakkot Palmok Maki

Straight Fingertip Thrust – Sun Sulkup Tulgi

Release From Grab – Jap Yosul Tae

Wedging Block – Hechyo Maki

Front Snap Kick – Ap Chabusigi

Downwards Block – Naeryo Maki

The Purpose of Step Sparring – 

Meaning of Do-San – Do San is the pseudonym of the patriot An Ch’ang Ho (1876-1938) who devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and its independent movement.

Meaning Of Green – Green signifies the plants growth as TaeKwonDo skills begin to develop.

Practical

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7th Kup Practical
  • Do-San Tul and previous patterns
  • 3 Step Sparring 1-10
  • Basic blocks, strikes and kicks
  • Any pattern or step sparring from lower grade syllabus
  • Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from Pattern
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Do-San Tul

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Block
2. Walking. – Middle Punch
3. Right 180 Deg. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Block
4. Walking. – Middle Punch
5. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block
6. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Straight Fingertip Thrust
7. Left 360 Deg. – Walking. – Release and High Back Fist Strike
8. Forward. – Walking. – High Back Fist Strike
9. Left 270 Deg. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Punch
10. Walking. – Middle Punch
11. Right 180 Deg. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Punch
12. Walking. – Middle Punch
13. Left 120 Deg. – Walking. – Middle Wedging Block
14. Forward. – Front Snap Kick
15. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Punch
16. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch
17. Right 60 Deg. – Walking. – Middle Wedging Block
18. Forward. – Front Snap Kick
19. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Punch
20. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch
21. Left 30 Deg. – Walking. – Rising Block
22. Forward. – Walking. – Rising Block
23. Left 270 Deg. – Sitting. – Middle Knife Hand Strike
24. Right 180 Deg. – Sitting. – Middle Knife Hand Strike

End – move right foot to Parallel Ready Stance

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1 - 10 Three Step Sparring

1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

8: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right side kick followed by right knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

9: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left inwards palm pushing block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Step to the left with right foot then left foot performing forearm guarding block. Then perform right middle turning kick to floating rib. Then move into vertical stance and perform right knife hand strike to carotid artery.

10: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle knife hand guarding block with right leg back. Perform right back kick followed by right reverse knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

6th Kup

Theory

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6th Kup Theory

Close Ready Stance A – Moa Sogi A

Inward Knife Hand Strike – Anuro Sonkal Taerigi

Fixed Stance – Kojung Sogi

Bending Ready Stance – Gaburyo Chumbi Sogi

Circular Block – Dolimyo Maki

Forearm Guarding Block – Palmok Daebi Maki

Twin Fist Vertical Punch – Sang Joomuk Sewo Jurugi

X Fist Rising Block – Kyocha Joomuk Chookyo Maki

Turning Kick – Dollyo Chagi

Waist Block – Hori Maki

Side Punch – Yop Jurugi

Downward Block – Naeryo Maki

Meaning of Won-Hyo: Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD.

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Practical

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6th Kup Practical
  • Won-Hyo Tul
  • 3 Step Sparring (Sambo Matsoki)
  • Basic 2 Step Sparring (Ibo Matsoki)
  • Any pattern or step sparring from lower grade syllabus
  • Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from Pattern
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Won-Hyo Tul

Ready Stance – Close Ready Stance A

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block

2. L. – High Inward Knife Hand Strike

3. Slip Forward. – Fixed. – Middle Side Punch

4. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block

5. L. – High Inward Knife Hand Strike

6. Slip Forward. – Fixed. – Middle Side Punch

7. Left 90 Deg. – Bending Ready. – Forearm Guarding Block

8. Forward. – Middle Side Kick

9. Land in. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

10. Forward. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

11. Forward. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

12. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Straight Fingertip Thrust

13. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block

14. L. – High Inward Knife Hand Strike

15. Slip Forward. – Fixed. – Middle Side Punch

16. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block

17. L. – High Inward Knife Hand Strike

18. Slip Forward. – Fixed. – Middle Side Punch

19. Left 90. – Walking. – Circular Block

20. Forward. – Low Front Kick

21. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

22. Walking. – Circular Block

23. Low Front Kick.

24. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

25. Right up to. – Bending Ready. – Forearm Guarding Block

26. Middle Side Kick

27. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Middle Forearm Guarding Block

28. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Forearm Guarding Block

End – move right foot to Ready Stance

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1 - 10 Three Step Sparring

1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

8: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right side kick followed by righ t knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

9: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left inwards palm pushing block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Step to the left with right foot then left foot performing forearm guarding block. Then perform right middle turning kick to floating rib. Then move into vertical stance and perform right knife hand strike to carotid artery.

10: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle knife hand guarding block with right leg back. Perform right back kick followed by right reverse knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

1 - 4 Two Step Sparring

Ready stance for the attacker: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block
Ready stance for the defender: Parallel ready stance

1. Attack – High punch in walking stance followed by front snap kick.
Defence – Right leg back into walking stance and with rising block. Then left leg back in walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block.
Counter attack – Twin fist vertical punch.

2. Attack – Side punch in fixed stance, followed my middle section turning kick.
Defence – Right leg back into L stance with upward palm block. Then left leg back in L stance with waist block..
Counter attack – Slide back towards attacker performing rear elbow strike to solar plexus in sitting stance.

3. Attack – Front kick into walking stance, followed by twin fist vertical punch.
Defence – Right leg back into walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block. Then left back in walking stance with outer forearm wedging
block.
Counter attack – Knee kick whilst at the same time pulling down on the neck of the opponent.

4. Attack – Flat fingertip thrust in walking stance, followed by side kick.
Defence – Right leg back in walking stance with knife hand rising block. Left leg back in L stance with inward palm block.
Counter attack – Front kick with left leg to the coccyx, then twin fist upset punch to the kidneys

 

5th Kup

Theory

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5th Kup Theory

Hooking Block – Golcho Maki

Front Elbow Thrust – Ap Palkup Tulgi

Twin Knife Hand Block – Sang Sonkal Maki

X Stance – Kyocha Sogi

Double Forearm Block – Doo Palmok Maki

Flat Fingertip Thrust – Opun Sonkup Tulgi

Palm Pushing Block – Sonbadak Miro Maki

Upward Palm Block – Ollyo Sonbadak Maki

Twin Punch – Doo Jurugi

Twin Fist Upset Punch – San Joomuk Dwijibun Jurugi

Inward Palm Block – Anuro Sanbadak Maki

Knife Hand Rising Block – Sonkal Chookyo Maki

Meaning of Yul-Gok: Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of the great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584 AD) nicknamed the ‘Confucius of Korea’. The 38 movements refer to his birthplace on 38 degrees latitude and the diagram represents scholar.

Meaning Of Blue: Blue signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in TaeKwonDo progresses

Practical

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5th Kup Practical
  • Yul-Gok Tul and previous patterns
  • 2 Step Sparring 1-4, Any 3 Step Sparring
  • Free Sparring
  • Combination Techniques (Hands and Feet)
  • Any pattern or step sparring from lower grade syllabus
Yul-Gok Tul

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. To left. – Sitting. – Left Punch Measure

2. Sitting. – Middle Punch

3. Sitting. – Middle Punch

4. L to R. – Sitting. – Right Punch Measure

5. Sitting. – Middle Punch

6. Sitting. – Middle Punch

7. Right 45 Deg. – Walking. – High Inner Forearm block

8. Forward. – Walking. – Low Front Kick

9. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Punch

10. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

11. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – High Inner Forearm block

12. Forward. – Walking. – Low Front Kick

13. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Punch

14. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

15. Right 45 Deg. – Walking. – High Hooking Block

16. Walking. – High Hooking Block

17. Waling. – Middle Punch

18. Forward. – Walking. – High Hooking Block

19. Walking. – High Hooking Block

20. Walking. – Middle Punch

21. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Punch

22. L to R. – Bending Ready

23. Forward. – Side Kick

24. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Front Elbow Thrust

25. Right 180 Deg. – Bending Ready

26. Side Kick

27. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Front Elbow Thrust

28. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Twin Knife Hand Block

29. Forward. – Walking. – Straight Fingertip Thrust

30. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Twin Knife Hand Block

31. Forward. – Walking. – Straight Fingertip Thrust

32. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Block

33. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

34. Forward. – Walking. – High Outer Forearm Block

35. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

36. Jump Forward. – X. – High Back Fist Strike

37. Left 270 Deg – Walking. – High Double Forearm Block

38. Left 180 Deg. – Walking. – High Double Forearm Block

End – move right foot to Ready Stance

1 - 10 Three Step Sparring

1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

8: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right side kick followed by righ t knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

9: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left inwards palm pushing block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Step to the left with right foot then left foot performing forearm guarding block. Then perform right middle turning kick to floating rib. Then move into vertical stance and perform right knife hand strike to carotid artery.

10: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle knife hand guarding block with right leg back. Perform right back kick followed by right reverse knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

1 - 8 Two Step Sparring

Ready stance for the attacker: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block
Ready stance for the defender: Parallel ready stance

1. Attack – High punch in walking stance followed by front snap kick.
Defence – Right leg back into walking stance and with rising block. Then left leg back in walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block.
Counter attack – Twin fist vertical punch.

2. Attack – Side punch in fixed stance, followed my middle section turning kick.
Defence – Right leg back into L stance with upward palm block. Then left leg back in L stance with waist block..
Counter attack – Slide back towards attacker performing rear elbow strike to solar plexus in sitting stance.

3. Attack – Front kick into walking stance, followed by twin fist vertical punch.
Defence – Right leg back into walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block. Then left back in walking stance with outer forearm wedging
block.
Counter attack – Knee kick whilst at the same time pulling down on the neck of the opponent.

4. Attack – Flat fingertip thrust in walking stance, followed by side kick.
Defence – Right leg back in walking stance with knife hand rising block. Left leg back in L stance with inward palm block.
Counter attack – Front kick with left leg to the coccyx, then twin fist upset punch to the kidneys

5. Attack – Right back kick, then moving forward in walking stance with open fist high punch (palm heel)
Defence – Right leg back into L stance with waist block. Then left leg back in L stance with right outer forearm inward block.
Counter attack – Slip right into walking stance, with high section reverse knife hand strike.

6. Attack – Right high section turning kick, then moving forward in walking stance with arc hand high strike.
Defence – Left leg back into sitting stance with twin straight forearm block. (Move left leg diagonally). Then right leg in L stance with palm hooking block.
Counter attack – Grabbing the arm perform left side kick, whilst pulling the arm for reaction force.

7. Attack – Right fixed stance with side fist strike. Then left middle reverse turning kick.
Defence – Left leg back in L stance with twin forearm block. Then sliding away to the right with right leg back in forearm guarding block.
Counter attack – Right high reverse turning kick.

8. Attack – Right middle side kick stepping down perform spinning knife hand strike (turning anti-clockwise).
Defence – Right leg back with inner forearm waist block. Then perform double step into knife hand guarding block-blocking the second attack.

Breaking on Adult or Child Board

Favoured leg side kick
Favoured side elbow strike

Pure Self-Defence

Defence from wrist grab & headlock

4th Kup

Theory

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4th Kup Theory

Close Ready Stance B – Moa Sogi B
Reverse Knife Hand Block – Sonkal Dung Maki
Upward Palm Block – Ollyo Sonbadak Maki
Rear Foot Stance – Dwit Bal Sogi
Upper Elbow Thrust – Wi Palkup Tulgi
Twin Upset Punch – Sang Dwijibun Jurugi
U Shape Block – Digutcha Maki
Reverse Turning Kick – Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Back Kick – Dwit Chagi
Pressing Block – Noolo Maki
Waist Block – Hori Maki
Outer Forearm Inward Block – Bakkat Palmok Anuro Maki
Low Stance – Nachuo Sogi

Meaning of Joong Gun: Joong-Gun is named after the patriot An Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Japanese Governor General of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part of the Korean-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr An’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shang prison (1910 AD)

Practical

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4th Kup Practical

F-D Punch, Chon-Ji Tul & Dan-Gun Tul, Do-San Tul, Won-Hyo Tul, Yul-Gok Tul,
Joong-Gun Tul

Basic Techniques applicable to pattern inclusive of kicks – front, side, turning, back/reverse.

1-10 Three Step Sparring, 1-8 Two Step Sparring, 1 Step Sparring, Semi-Free Sparring,
Intermediate Kicks to Paddles (Inc. reverse techniques)

Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from Pattern

Joong-Gun Tul

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. To left. – L. – Reverse Knife Hand Block

2. Low Front Snap Kick

3. Forward. – Rear Foot. – Middle Upward Palm Block

4. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Reverse Knife Hand Block

5. Low Front Snap Kick

6. Forward. – Rear Foot. – Middle Upward Palm Block

7. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

8. – Slip Front Foot. – Walking. – Upper Elbow Thrust

9. Forward. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

10. Slip Front Foot. – Walking. – Upper Elbow Thrust

11. Forward. – Walking. – Upper Elbow Thrust

12. Forward. – Walking. – Twin Fist Upset Punch

13. Step Turn. – Walking. – X Fist Rising Block

14. Left 90 Deg. – L. – High Back Fist Strike

15. L. – Release From Grab

16. Slip Front Foot. – Walking. – High Reverse Punch

17. L to R move R. – L. – High Pack Fist Strike

18. L. – Release From Grab

19. Slip Front Foot. – Walking. – High Reverse Punch

20. R to L Forward. – Walking. – High Double Forearm Block

21. Pull in L Foot. – L. – Middle Punch

22. Forward. – Middle Side Kick

23. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Guarding Block

24. Pull in R Foot. – L. – Middle Punch

25. Forward. – Middle Side Kick

26. Land in. – L. – Middle Guarding Block

27. Slip L Foot. – Low. – Pressing Block

28. Forward. – L. – Middle Guarding Block

29. Slip R Foot. – Low. – Pressing Block

30. L to R turn 90 Deg. – Close. – Middle Circular Punch (Slow)

31. R Forward L. – Fixed. – U Shape Block

32. R to L move L. – Fixed. – U Shape Block

End – move left foot to Ready Stance

Three Step Sparring 1 - 10

1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

8: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right side kick followed by righ t knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

9: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left inwards palm pushing block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Step to the left with right foot then left foot performing forearm guarding block. Then perform right middle turning kick to floating rib. Then move into vertical stance and perform right knife hand strike to carotid artery.

10: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle knife hand guarding block with right leg back. Perform right back kick followed by right reverse knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

2 Step Sparring 1 - 8

Ready stance for the attacker: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block
Ready stance for the defender: Parallel ready stance

1. Attack – High punch in walking stance followed by front snap kick.

Defence – Right leg back into walking stance and with rising block. Then left leg back in walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block.

Counter Attack – Twin fist vertical punch.

2. Attack

Side punch in fixed stance, followed my middle section turning kick.

Defence – Right leg back into L stance with upward palm block. Then left leg back in L stance with waist block.

Counter Attack – Slide back towards attacker performing rear elbow strike to solar plexus in sitting stance.

3. Attack – Front kick into walking stance, followed by twin fist vertical punch.

Defence – Right leg back into walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block. Then left back in walking stance with outer forearm wedging block.

Counter Attack – Knee kick whilst at the same time pulling down on the the neck of the opponent.

4. Attack – Flat fingertip thrust in walking stance, followed by side kick.

Defence – Right leg back in walking stance with knife hand rising block. Left leg back in L stance with inward palm block.

Counter Attack – Front kick with left leg to the coccyx, then twin fist upset punch to the kidneys.

5. Attack – Right back kick, then moving forward in walking stance with open fist high punch (palm heel)

Defence – Right leg back into L stance with waist block. Then left leg back in L stance with right outer forearm inward block.

Counter Attack – Slip right into walking stance, with high section reverse knife hand strike.

6. Attack – Right high section turning kick, then moving forward in walking stance with arc hand high strike.

Defence – Left left back into sitting stance with twin straight forearm block. (Move left leg diagonally). Then right leg in L stance with palm hooking block.

Counter Attack – Grabbing the arm perform left side kick, whilst pulling the arm for reaction force.

7. Attack – Right fixed stance with side fist strike. Then left middle reverse turning kick.

Defence – Left leg back in L stance with twin forearm block. Then sliding away to the right with right leg back in forearm guarding block.

Counter Attack – Right high reverse turning kick.

8. Attack – Right middle side kick stepping down perform spinning knife hand strike (turning anti-clockwise).

Defence – Right leg back with inner forearm waist block. The perform double step into knife hand guarding block-blocking the second attack.

Counter Attack – Left jumping ‘X’ stance high back fist side strike.

1 Step Sparring
One Step Sparring
Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Parallel ready stance.

All – Attacker – Single punch with right then left side.

Defender – Block or dodge attacks with properly formed techniques either with hand or foot. All counter attacks must be repeated on each side.
Students should balance counter attacks equally between hand and foot techniques. All kicks must use traditional foot positions.

No front leg sparring kicks to be used.

Semi Free Sparring
Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block

All – Attacker – The attacker should use a variety of kicks to show good technique with traditional foot positions only. Please note no front leg kicks are permitted.

Defender – Block all kicks with properly formed blocks. All blocks should be completed in proper stances.

Breaking on Adult or Child Board

Less Favoured leg side kick
Less Favoured side elbow strike

Pure Self-Defence

Defence from label grab & bear hugs (front & rear)

3rd Kup

Theory

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3rd Kup Theory

Upset Fingertip Thrust – Dwijibun Sonkup Tulgi
W Shape Block – San Maki
Double Forearm Pushing Block – Doo Palmok Miro Maki
X Stance – Kyocha Sogi
Crescent Kick – Bandal Chagi
Hooking Kick – Golcho Chagi
X Fist Pressing Block – Kyocha Joomuk Noolo Maki
Knee Kick – Murup Chagi
Inward – Anuro
Outwards – Bakuro

Stamping Motion – (gurunun dongjak) – This motion is used to emphasise the power in a technique. The part of the foot used is the side sole (yop bal badak).

Theory of Power..

Meaning of Toi-Gye Tul: Toi-Gye is the pen-name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century AD), an authority on neo-confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degrees latitude. The diagram represents ‘scholar’.

Meaning of Red: Red signifies danger cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.

Theory of Power
Physical power combined with technique is the most important factor in TaeKwonDo, since without powerful techniques the student would not be able to overcome an assault. The development of physical power in TaeKwonDo is the result of the utilisation and co-ordination of reaction force, concentration, equilibrium, breath control and speed.

Reaction Force

Reaction Force has two elements. First, reaction force is generated by pulling the fist to the hip to increase the force of a punch to an opponent; this is often described as the piston action. Later in training the student will develop other methods of reaction force. The second is the effect of an opponent moving towards you and being struck by your attack. The total force is that of your own attack plus that of the opponent moving towards you.

Concentration

Concentration is described as the ability to mobilise the correct muscles in order to optimise the attack and to focus the attack on the target area. By utilising the correct muscle groups maximum power can be achieved. The effectiveness will be determined by the concentration of the power to the smallest possible target area.

Equilibrium

Equilibrium is classified into both dynamic and static balance. They are so closely interrelated that the maximum power can only be produced when the static stability is maintained through dynamic (mobile) stability. To maintain good equilibrium, the centre of gravity must fall on a straight line midway between both legs (assuming both feet remain on the floor).

Breath Control

Correctly controlled breathing can improve one’s stamina. It can also condition the body to receive a blow and increase the power of a blow directed toward an opponent. The student should never inhale while focusing a block or attack against an opponent otherwise the movement will be impeded and the effectiveness reduced.

Speed

Speed is an essential factor of force. Two formulae are used in the calculation of power. Force = Mass x Acceleration, which can be used to determine the power required to mobilise and indeed to demobilise a body. Secondly, Energy = ½ Mass x Velocity x Velocity, the amount of energy contained in an object travelling at speed. Both formula show that for a given mass both speed and acceleration are vital for the maximisation of power.

REMEMBER (C.R.E.M.B.S) Concentration; Reaction Force; Equilibrium [balance]; Mass; Breath Control; Speed [acceleration].

Practical

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3rd Kup Practical
F-D Punch, Chon-Ji Tul & Dan-Gun Tul, Do-San Tul, Won-Hyo Tul, Yul-Gok Tul,
Joong-Gun Tul, Toi-Gye Tul

Basic Techniques applicable to pattern inclusive of kicks – front, side, turning, back/reverse.

1-10 Three Step Sparring, 1-8 Two Step Sparring, 1 Step Sparring, Semi-Free Sparring,

Intermediate Kicks to Paddles (Inc. reverse techniques)

Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from Pattern

Toi-Gye Tul

Ready Stance – Close Ready Stance B

STEP MOVE STANCE TECHNIQUE

1. Left. – L. – Middle Inner Forearm Block

2. Slip L Foot. – Walking. – Upset Fingertip Thrust

3. L to R. – Close. – Low Low Block/High Back Fist (Slow)

4. Right. – L. – Middle Inner Forearm Block

5. Slip R Foot. – Walking. – Upset Fingertip Thrust

6. R to L. – Close. – Low Block/High Back Fist (Slow)

7. Forward. – Walking. – Low X Block

8. High Twin Fist Punch

9. Forward. – Front Snap Kick

10. Land in. – Walking. – Middle Obverse Punch

11. Walking. – Middle Reverse Punch

12. L to R. – Close. – Posture Move Hands on Hips

13. Left 90 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

14. Right 180 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

15. Right 180 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

16. Left 180 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

17. Right 180 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

18. Right 180 Deg. – Sitting. – W Shape Block

19. R to L Forward. – L. – Low Double Forearm Block

20. Slip Left Foot. – Walking. – Double Hand Grasp

21. Forward. – Upward Knee Kick

22. Turn. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

23. Forward. – L Low Front Kick

24. Land in. – Walking. – High Flat Fingertip Thrust

25. Forward. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

26. Forward. – R Low Front Kick

27. Land in. – Walking. – High Flat Fingertip Thrust

28. Back. – L. – High Backfist and Low Block

29. Forward Jump. – X. – Low X Block

30. Slip R Foot. – Walking. – High Double Forearm Block

31. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Low Knife Hand Guarding Block

32. Slip L FootWalking. – Circular Block

33. L to R. – L. – Low Knife Hand Guarding Block

34. Slip R Foot. – Walking. – Circular Block

35. Pivot Feet. – Walking. – Circular Block

36. Pivot Feet. – Walking. – Circular Block

37. Move R Foot. – Sitting. – Middle Punch

End – move right foot to Ready Stance

Three Step Sparring 1 - 10

1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

8: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right side kick followed by righ t knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

9: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left inwards palm pushing block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Step to the left with right foot then left foot performing forearm guarding block. Then perform right middle turning kick to floating rib. Then move into vertical stance and perform right knife hand strike to carotid artery.

10: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle knife hand guarding block with right leg back. Perform right back kick followed by right reverse knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

2 Step Sparring 1 - 8

Ready stance for the attacker: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block
Ready stance for the defender: Parallel ready stance

1. Attack – High punch in walking stance followed by front snap kick.

Defence – Right leg back into walking stance and with rising block. Then left leg back in walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block.

Counter Attack – Twin fist vertical punch.

2. Attack

Side punch in fixed stance, followed my middle section turning kick.

Defence – Right leg back into L stance with upward palm block. Then left leg back in L stance with waist block.

Counter Attack – Slide back towards attacker performing rear elbow strike to solar plexus in sitting stance.

3. Attack – Front kick into walking stance, followed by twin fist vertical punch.

Defence – Right leg back into walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block. Then left back in walking stance with outer forearm wedging block.

Counter Attack – Knee kick whilst at the same time pulling down on the the neck of the opponent.

4. Attack – Flat fingertip thrust in walking stance, followed by side kick.

Defence – Right leg back in walking stance with knife hand rising block. Left leg back in L stance with inward palm block.

Counter Attack – Front kick with left leg to the coccyx, then twin fist upset punch to the kidneys.

5. Attack – Right back kick, then moving forward in walking stance with open fist high punch (palm heel)

Defence – Right leg back into L stance with waist block. Then left leg back in L stance with right outer forearm inward block.

Counter Attack – Slip right into walking stance, with high section reverse knife hand strike.

6. Attack – Right high section turning kick, then moving forward in walking stance with arc hand high strike.

Defence – Left left back into sitting stance with twin straight forearm block. (Move left leg diagonally). Then right leg in L stance with palm hooking block.

Counter Attack – Grabbing the arm perform left side kick, whilst pulling the arm for reaction force.

7. Attack – Right fixed stance with side fist strike. Then left middle reverse turning kick.

Defence – Left leg back in L stance with twin forearm block. Then sliding away to the right with right leg back in forearm guarding block.

Counter Attack – Right high reverse turning kick.

8. Attack – Right middle side kick stepping down perform spinning knife hand strike (turning anti-clockwise).

Defence – Right leg back with inner forearm waist block. The perform double step into knife hand guarding block-blocking the second attack.

Counter Attack – Left jumping ‘X’ stance high back fist side strike.

1 Step Sparring
One Step Sparring
Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Parallel ready stance.

All – Attacker – Single punch with right then left side.

Defender – Block or dodge attacks with properly formed techniques either with hand or foot. All counter attacks must be repeated on each side.
Students should balance counter attacks equally between hand and foot techniques. All kicks must use traditional foot positions.

No front leg sparring kicks to be used.

Semi Free Sparring
Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block

All – Attacker – The attacker should use a variety of kicks to show good technique with traditional foot positions only. Please note no front leg kicks are permitted.

Defender – Block all kicks with properly formed blocks. All blocks should be completed in proper stances.

Breaking on Adult or Child Board

Favoured leg turning kick
Favoured side palm heel strike

Pure Self-Defence

Defence from punch

2nd Kup

Theory

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2nd Kup Theory

Close Ready Stance C – Mao Chumbi Sogi C
Palm Pushing Block – Sonbadak Miro Maki
Upward Punch – Ollyo Jurugi
Downward Knife Hand Strike – Naeryo Sonkal Taerigi
Back Elbow Thrust – Dwit Palkup Tulgi
Flying Kick – Twimyo Chagi
Vertical Stance – Soo Jik Sogi
Side Elbow Thrust – Yop Palkup Tulgi
Jumping Twigi
Twisting Kick – Bitro Chagi
Vertical Kick – Sewo Chagi
Inner Forearm Side-Front Block – An Palmok Yopap Maki

Theory of Power..

Meaning of Hwa-Rang: Hwa Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang Youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 1400 years ago. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the 3 kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th infantry division where TaeKwonDo developed into maturity.

Theory of Power
Physical power combined with technique is the most important factor in TaeKwonDo, since without powerful techniques the student would not be able to overcome an assault. The development of physical power in TaeKwonDo is the result of the utilisation and co-ordination of reaction force, concentration, equilibrium, breath control and speed.

Reaction Force

Reaction Force has two elements. First, reaction force is generated by pulling the fist to the hip to increase the force of a punch to an opponent; this is often described as the piston action. Later in training the student will develop other methods of reaction force. The second is the effect of an opponent moving towards you and being struck by your attack. The total force is that of your own attack plus that of the opponent moving towards you.

Concentration

Concentration is described as the ability to mobilise the correct muscles in order to optimise the attack and to focus the attack on the target area. By utilising the correct muscle groups maximum power can be achieved. The effectiveness will be determined by the concentration of the power to the smallest possible target area.

Equilibrium

Equilibrium is classified into both dynamic and static balance. They are so closely interrelated that the maximum power can only be produced when the static stability is maintained through dynamic (mobile) stability. To maintain good equilibrium, the centre of gravity must fall on a straight line midway between both legs (assuming both feet remain on the floor).

Breath Control

Correctly controlled breathing can improve one’s stamina. It can also condition the body to receive a blow and increase the power of a blow directed toward an opponent. The student should never inhale while focusing a block or attack against an opponent otherwise the movement will be impeded and the effectiveness reduced.

Speed

Speed is an essential factor of force. Two formulae are used in the calculation of power. Force = Mass x Acceleration, which can be used to determine the power required to mobilise and indeed to demobilise a body. Secondly, Energy = ½ Mass x Velocity x Velocity, the amount of energy contained in an object travelling at speed. Both formula show that for a given mass both speed and acceleration are vital for the maximisation of power.

REMEMBER (C.R.E.M.B.S) Concentration; Reaction Force; Equilibrium [balance]; Mass; Breath Control; Speed [acceleration].

Practical

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2nd Kup Practical

F-D Punch, Chon-Ji Tul & Dan-Gun Tul, Do-San Tul, Won-Hyo Tul, Yul-Gok Tul,
Joong-Gun Tul, Toi-Gye Tul, Hwa-Rang Tul.

Basic Techniques applicable to pattern inclusive of kicks – front, side, turning, back/reverse/jumping

1-10 Three Step Sparring, 1-8 Two Step Sparring, 1 Step Sparring, Semi-Free Sparring, Free Sparring

Advanced Kicks to Paddles (combinations and jumping/flying techniques)

Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from Pattern

Hwa-Rang Tul

Ready Stance – Close Ready Stance C

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left. – Sitting. – Middle Palm Pushing Block

2. Middle Punch

3. Middle Punch

4. Right 190 Deg. – L. – Twin Forearm Block

5. Slide Feet. – Upward Punch

6. Fixed. – Middle Side Punch

7. Pull R Foot. – Vertical. – Downward Knife Hand Strike

8. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Punch

9. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – Lower Outer Forearm Block

10. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Punch

11. Slide Foot. – Grasp Right Fist

12. Side Kick, Knife Hand Strike

13. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Punch

14. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Punch

15. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

16. Forward. – Walking. – Middle Straight Fingertip Thrust

17. Left 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

18. Middle Turning Kick

19. Middle Turning Kick. – Land in. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

20. Left 90 Deg. – Walking. – Low Outer Forearm Block

21. Pull L Foot. – L. – Middle Punch

22. Forward. – L. – Middle Punch

23. Forward. – L. – Middle Punch

24. Slide L Foot. – Walking. – Low X Fist Block

25. – Slide Forward. – L. – Side Elbow Thrust

26. – Left 90 Deg. – Close. – Middle Inner/Low Outer Block

27. Change Position of Hands

28. Left Forward. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

29. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

End – move right foot to Ready Stance

Three Step Sparring 1 - 10

1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

8: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right side kick followed by righ t knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

9: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left inwards palm pushing block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Step to the left with right foot then left foot performing forearm guarding block. Then perform right middle turning kick to floating rib. Then move into vertical stance and perform right knife hand strike to carotid artery.

10: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle knife hand guarding block with right leg back. Perform right back kick followed by right reverse knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

2 Step Sparring 1 - 8

Ready stance for the attacker: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block
Ready stance for the defender: Parallel ready stance

1. Attack – High punch in walking stance followed by front snap kick.

Defence – Right leg back into walking stance and with rising block. Then left leg back in walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block.

Counter Attack – Twin fist vertical punch.

2. Attack

Side punch in fixed stance, followed my middle section turning kick.

Defence – Right leg back into L stance with upward palm block. Then left leg back in L stance with waist block.

Counter Attack – Slide back towards attacker performing rear elbow strike to solar plexus in sitting stance.

3. Attack – Front kick into walking stance, followed by twin fist vertical punch.

Defence – Right leg back into walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block. Then left back in walking stance with outer forearm wedging block.

Counter Attack – Knee kick whilst at the same time pulling down on the the neck of the opponent.

4. Attack – Flat fingertip thrust in walking stance, followed by side kick.

Defence – Right leg back in walking stance with knife hand rising block. Left leg back in L stance with inward palm block.

Counter Attack – Front kick with left leg to the coccyx, then twin fist upset punch to the kidneys.

5. Attack – Right back kick, then moving forward in walking stance with open fist high punch (palm heel)

Defence – Right leg back into L stance with waist block. Then left leg back in L stance with right outer forearm inward block.

Counter Attack – Slip right into walking stance, with high section reverse knife hand strike.

6. Attack – Right high section turning kick, then moving forward in walking stance with arc hand high strike.

Defence – Left left back into sitting stance with twin straight forearm block. (Move left leg diagonally). Then right leg in L stance with palm hooking block.

Counter Attack – Grabbing the arm perform left side kick, whilst pulling the arm for reaction force.

7. Attack – Right fixed stance with side fist strike. Then left middle reverse turning kick.

Defence – Left leg back in L stance with twin forearm block. Then sliding away to the right with right leg back in forearm guarding block.

Counter Attack – Right high reverse turning kick.

8. Attack – Right middle side kick stepping down perform spinning knife hand strike (turning anti-clockwise).

Defence – Right leg back with inner forearm waist block. The perform double step into knife hand guarding block-blocking the second attack.

Counter Attack – Left jumping ‘X’ stance high back fist side strike.

1 Step Sparring
One Step Sparring
Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Parallel ready stance.

All – Attacker – Single punch with right then left side.

Defender – Block or dodge attacks with properly formed techniques either with hand or foot. All counter attacks must be repeated on each side.
Students should balance counter attacks equally between hand and foot techniques. All kicks must use traditional foot positions.

No front leg sparring kicks to be used.

Semi Free Sparring
Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block

All – Attacker – The attacker should use a variety of kicks to show good technique with traditional foot positions only. Please note no front leg kicks are permitted.

Defender – Block all kicks with properly formed blocks. All blocks should be completed in proper stances.

Free Sparring
Lets the students experiment with techniques in a safe and secure environment. Careful rules are in place to prevent any dangerous techniques being used. This is sometimes mistakenly thought of as competitive sport.

Breaking on Adult or Child Board

Favoured leg reverse/spinning kick
Basic kick Less Favoured Leg or Basic Hand Technique Less Favoured side

Pure Self-Defence

Defence from downwards attacks

1st Kup

Theory

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1st Kup Theory

All previous theory in written 1 hour exam. Club paper, Mock & Actual paper to pass before physical grading.

Inward Knife Hand Strike – Anuro Sonkal Taerigi
X Knife Hand Side Checking Block – Kyocha Sonkal Momchau Maki
Twin Palm Upward Block – Sang Ollyo Sonbadak Maki
Skip kick – Duro Gamyo Chagi

Meaning of Black:  Opposite of white, therefore signifying maturity and proficiency in TaeKwonDo. Also indicates the wearer’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.

Meaning of Choong-Moo:  Choong-Moo was the name given to the great admiral Yi Sun Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (kobukson) which was the precursor of the present day submarine in 1592 AD. The reason why this pattern ends up with left hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable death having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.

Theory of Power
Physical power combined with technique is the most important factor in TaeKwonDo, since without powerful techniques the student would not be able to overcome an assault. The development of physical power in TaeKwonDo is the result of the utilisation and co-ordination of reaction force, concentration, equilibrium, breath control and speed.

Reaction Force

Reaction Force has two elements. First, reaction force is generated by pulling the fist to the hip to increase the force of a punch to an opponent; this is often described as the piston action. Later in training the student will develop other methods of reaction force. The second is the effect of an opponent moving towards you and being struck by your attack. The total force is that of your own attack plus that of the opponent moving towards you.

Concentration

Concentration is described as the ability to mobilise the correct muscles in order to optimise the attack and to focus the attack on the target area. By utilising the correct muscle groups maximum power can be achieved. The effectiveness will be determined by the concentration of the power to the smallest possible target area.

Equilibrium

Equilibrium is classified into both dynamic and static balance. They are so closely interrelated that the maximum power can only be produced when the static stability is maintained through dynamic (mobile) stability. To maintain good equilibrium, the centre of gravity must fall on a straight line midway between both legs (assuming both feet remain on the floor).

Breath Control

Correctly controlled breathing can improve one’s stamina. It can also condition the body to receive a blow and increase the power of a blow directed toward an opponent. The student should never inhale while focusing a block or attack against an opponent otherwise the movement will be impeded and the effectiveness reduced.

Speed

Speed is an essential factor of force. Two formulae are used in the calculation of power. Force = Mass x Acceleration, which can be used to determine the power required to mobilise and indeed to demobilise a body. Secondly, Energy = ½ Mass x Velocity x Velocity, the amount of energy contained in an object travelling at speed. Both formula show that for a given mass both speed and acceleration are vital for the maximisation of power.

REMEMBER (C.R.E.M.B.S) Concentration; Reaction Force; Equilibrium [balance]; Mass; Breath Control; Speed [acceleration].

Practical

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1st Kup Practical
F-D Punch, Chon-Ji Tul to Hwa-Rang Tul, Choong-Moo Tul

Basic Techniques applicable to pattern inclusive of kicks – front, side, turning, back/reverse/jumping

1-10 Three Step Sparring, 1-8 Two Step Sparring, 1 Step Sparring, Semi-Free Sparring, Free Sparring, 2v1 Sparring.

Pure self-defence & Breaking (as below)

Advanced Kicks to Paddles (combinations and jumping/flying techniques)

Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from Pattern

Choong-Moo Tul

Ready Stance – Parallel Ready Stance

STEP – MOVE – STANCE – TECHNIQUE

1. Left 90 Deg. – L. – Twin Knife Hand Block

2. – Forward. – Walking. – High Knife Hand Strike/Left Backhand

3. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

4. Forward. – Walking. – Flat Fingertip Thrust

5. Left 90 Deg. L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

6. Right 180 Deg. – Bending Ready

7. Middle Side Kick

8. Left 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block

9. Jumping Right Side Kick. – Land. – L. – Knife Hand Guarding Block

10. Left 270 Deg. – L. – Low Outer Forearm Block

11. Slide Left. – Walking. – Both Hands Grab Head

12. Upward Knee Kick

13. Left 180 Deg. – Walking. – High Reverse Knife Hand Strike

14. High Turning Kick

15. Foot to Foot. – Middle Back Kick

16. Right 180 Deg. – L. – Middle Forearm Guarding Block

17. Middle Turning Kick

18. Right 90 Deg. – L. – U Shape Block

19. Jump Anti-CW. – L. – Middle Knife Hand Guarding Block – 360 Deg

20. Forward. – Walking. – Fingertip Upset Thrust

21. Pull L Foot. – L. – High Back Fist and Low Block

22. – Forward. – Walking. – Middle Straight Fingertip Thrust

23. Left 270 Deg. – Walking. – High Double Forearm Block

24. Forward. – Sitting. – Middle Inward Outer Forearm Block. – High Back Fist

25. Left 180 Deg. – Middle Side Kick

26. Middle Side Kick

27. Right 180 Deg. L. – Middle X Knife Hand Check Block

28. Forward. – Walking. – Upward Twin Palm Block

29. Right 180 Deg. – Walking. – Rising Block

30. Walking. – Reverse Middle Punch

End – move right foot to Ready Stance

Three Step Sparring 1 - 10

1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

8: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right side kick followed by righ t knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

9: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left inwards palm pushing block.

Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

Counter Attack – Step to the left with right foot then left foot performing forearm guarding block. Then perform right middle turning kick to floating rib. Then move into vertical stance and perform right knife hand strike to carotid artery.

10: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

Continue – 1 Further block.

Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle knife hand guarding block with right leg back. Perform right back kick followed by right reverse knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

2 Step Sparring 1 - 8

Ready stance for the attacker: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block
Ready stance for the defender: Parallel ready stance

1. Attack – High punch in walking stance followed by front snap kick.

Defence – Right leg back into walking stance and with rising block. Then left leg back in walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block.

Counter Attack – Twin fist vertical punch.

2. Attack

Side punch in fixed stance, followed my middle section turning kick.

Defence – Right leg back into L stance with upward palm block. Then left leg back in L stance with waist block.

Counter Attack – Slide back towards attacker performing rear elbow strike to solar plexus in sitting stance.

3. Attack – Front kick into walking stance, followed by twin fist vertical punch.

Defence – Right leg back into walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block. Then left back in walking stance with outer forearm wedging block.

Counter Attack – Knee kick whilst at the same time pulling down on the the neck of the opponent.

4. Attack – Flat fingertip thrust in walking stance, followed by side kick.

Defence – Right leg back in walking stance with knife hand rising block. Left leg back in L stance with inward palm block.

Counter Attack – Front kick with left leg to the coccyx, then twin fist upset punch to the kidneys.

5. Attack – Right back kick, then moving forward in walking stance with open fist high punch (palm heel)

Defence – Right leg back into L stance with waist block. Then left leg back in L stance with right outer forearm inward block.

Counter Attack – Slip right into walking stance, with high section reverse knife hand strike.

6. Attack – Right high section turning kick, then moving forward in walking stance with arc hand high strike.

Defence – Left left back into sitting stance with twin straight forearm block. (Move left leg diagonally). Then right leg in L stance with palm hooking block.

Counter Attack – Grabbing the arm perform left side kick, whilst pulling the arm for reaction force.

7. Attack – Right fixed stance with side fist strike. Then left middle reverse turning kick.

Defence – Left leg back in L stance with twin forearm block. Then sliding away to the right with right leg back in forearm guarding block.

Counter Attack – Right high reverse turning kick.

8. Attack – Right middle side kick stepping down perform spinning knife hand strike (turning anti-clockwise).

Defence – Right leg back with inner forearm waist block. The perform double step into knife hand guarding block-blocking the second attack.

Counter Attack – Left jumping ‘X’ stance high back fist side strike.

1 Step Sparring
One Step Sparring
Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Parallel ready stance.

All – Attacker – Single punch with right then left side.

Defender – Block or dodge attacks with properly formed techniques either with hand or foot. All counter attacks must be repeated on each side.
Students should balance counter attacks equally between hand and foot techniques. All kicks must use traditional foot positions.

No front leg sparring kicks to be used.

Semi Free Sparring
Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block

All – Attacker – The attacker should use a variety of kicks to show good technique with traditional foot positions only. Please note no front leg kicks are permitted.

Defender – Block all kicks with properly formed blocks. All blocks should be completed in proper stances.

Free Sparring
Lets the students experiment with techniques in a safe and secure environment. Careful rules are in place to prevent any dangerous techniques being used. This is sometimes mistakenly thought of as competitive sport.
2v1 Sparring
2 versus 1 Sparring (Idale Matsoki)

Is used to teach students how to defend themselves against multiple opponents. This is extremely complex and a very tiring method of sparring. This type of sparring is used as the student progresses towards Black Belt.

Breaking on Adult or Child Board

Selection of points based technical breaks – to pass successful breaks must include one basic kick favoured leg and one basic kick less favoured leg, attempts at one hand technique, one reverse technique any leg, any jumping technique hand or foot (Please see breaking sheet)

Pure Self-Defence (Hosin Sool)

Defence from multiple attacks in any order – Hosin Sool Kyon Bon
Defence against fixed knife attacks relaxed (16+) – Ilbo Matsogi Dae Dando
Defence against weapons – sparring orientated. (16+) – Juyu Matsogi Dae Dando
Traditional Sparring (1/2 speed inclusive of take downs/low kicks. No dangerous techniques to be used 16+) – Chan T’ong Matsogi
Explanation of three vital points of attack using relevant TKD techniques. Must be named correctly. (18+)
Under 16 to supplement with power kicks to shields.
Pin sparring – 2 seconds hold rule. (back to back 30 secs, 3x rounds)