1st Dan

Grading Criteria

close

Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

Adult Grading Criteria 1st-2nd Degree

Min Years Trained – 2 Years.

Regularly assists in teaching at classes. Attends & promotes Competitions.  Excels at Competitions. Attends and assists at Grading Examinations.  Trains twice a week.  Maintains & develops knowledge and standard. Attend Judges Course. Promote the Club/Association in the community.

Meets Black Belt Leadership Programme Critera, explained in NWTKD Black Belt Handbook.

Child Grading Criteria 1st-2nd Degree

Min Years Trained – 4 Years.

Completed yearly grading assessment.

Meets Black Belt Leadership Programme Critera, explained in NWTKD Black Belt Handbook.

Theory

close

Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

1st Dan Theory

Heaven Hand – Hanulson

Forward Double Stepping – Ibo Omgyo Didimyo Nagagi

Outward Pressing Kick – Bakaero Noollyo Chagi

Backwards Foot Shifting – Durogamyo Jajunbal

Forward Double Step Turning – Apro Ibo Didimyo Dolgi

One legged Stance – Waebal Sogi

Horizontal Punch – Soopjung Jurugi

Fore fist Pressing Block – Ap Joomuk Noolo Maki

U Shaped Grasping Block – Digutja Japgi Maki

Twin Elbow Horizontal Thrust – Sang Palkup Soopjung Tulgi

Reverse Knife Hand Low Guarding Block – Sonkaldung Najunde Daebi Maki

9 Shaped Block – Gutya Maki

Scooping Block – Duro Maki

Middle Knuckle Fist Middle Punch – Joongi Joomuk Kaunde Jurugi

Flat Fingertip High Reverse Thrust – Opun Sonkut Nopunde Bandae Tulgi

Double Arc Hand High block – Doo Bandalson Nopunde Maki

Meaning of Kwang-Gae: Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Gwang-Gae-T’o-Wang, the 19th king of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to his reign for 39 years.

Meaning of Po-Eun: Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400 A.D.) who was a famous poet and whose poem; “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times.” is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram (-) represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty. (36 movements)

Meaning of Gae-Baek: Gae-Baek is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram (I) represents his severe and strict military discipline. (44 movements)

Theory of Power
Physical power combined with technique is the most important factor in TaeKwonDo, since without powerful techniques the student would not be able to overcome an assault. The development of physical power in TaeKwonDo is the result of the utilisation and co-ordination of reaction force, concentration, equilibrium, breath control and speed.

Reaction Force

Reaction Force has two elements. First, reaction force is generated by pulling the fist to the hip to increase the force of a punch to an opponent; this is often described as the piston action. Later in training the student will develop other methods of reaction force. The second is the effect of an opponent moving towards you and being struck by your attack. The total force is that of your own attack plus that of the opponent moving towards you.

Concentration

Concentration is described as the ability to mobilise the correct muscles in order to optimise the attack and to focus the attack on the target area. By utilising the correct muscle groups maximum power can be achieved. The effectiveness will be determined by the concentration of the power to the smallest possible target area.

Equilibrium

Equilibrium is classified into both dynamic and static balance. They are so closely interrelated that the maximum power can only be produced when the static stability is maintained through dynamic (mobile) stability. To maintain good equilibrium, the centre of gravity must fall on a straight line midway between both legs (assuming both feet remain on the floor).

Breath Control

Correctly controlled breathing can improve one’s stamina. It can also condition the body to receive a blow and increase the power of a blow directed toward an opponent. The student should never inhale while focusing a block or attack against an opponent otherwise the movement will be impeded and the effectiveness reduced.

Speed

Speed is an essential factor of force. Two formulae are used in the calculation of power. Force = Mass x Acceleration, which can be used to determine the power required to mobilise and indeed to demobilise a body. Secondly, Energy = ½ Mass x Velocity x Velocity, the amount of energy contained in an object travelling at speed. Both formula show that for a given mass both speed and acceleration are vital for the maximisation of power.

REMEMBER (C.R.E.M.B.S) Concentration; Reaction Force; Equilibrium [balance]; Mass; Breath Control; Speed [acceleration].

Practical

close

Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

1st Dan Practical

Any pattern from lower grades

Kwang-Gae Tul, Po-Eun Tul, Gae-Baek Tul,

Combination Techniques (Hands and Feet)

Basic & Advanced Techniques applicable to pattern inclusive of kicks

1-10 Three Step Sparring, 1-8 Two Step Sparring, 1 Step Sparring, Semi-Free Sparring, Free Sparring,

Advanced 1 Step Sparring

3v1 (18-35) 2v1 (-18, 35+), Foot Sparring (Bal Matsogi)

Pure self-defence & Breaking (as below)

Advanced Kicks to Paddles (combinations and jumping/flying techniques)

Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from each Pattern linked to vital point attacks

Kwang-Gae Tul

Is named after the famous Gwang-Gae-T’o-Wang, the 19th king of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to his reign for 39 years.

    START Parallel Stance Heaven Hand

    1. Close ready stance B
    2. Upset punch with right fist in walking stance
    3. Upset punch with left fist in walking stance
    4. High hooking block with right palm in walking stance
    5. Knife-hand low guarding block in L stance
    6. High hooking block with left palm in walking stance
    7. Knife-hand low guarding block in L stance
    8. Knife-hand high guarding block in rear foot stance
    9. Knife-hand high guarding block in rear foot stance
    10. Right palm upward block in walking stance (Slow motion)
    11. Left palm upward block in walking stance (Slow motion)
    12. Low front block with right knife hand in close stance C
    13. Left foot pressing Kick, Keep hands the same as 12
    14. Middle side piercing kick, Keep hands the same as 12, 13 and 14 are consecutive kicks
    15. Right knife-hand high inward strike bringing left side fist in front of right shoulder in L stance.
    16. Left side fist downward strike in close stance C
    17. Right foot pressing Kick, Keep hands the same as 16
    18. Middle side piercing kick, Keep hands the same as 16, 17 and 18 are consecutive kicks
    19. Left knife-hand high inward strike bringing right side fist in front of right shoulder in L stance.
    20. Right side fist downward strike in close stance C
    21. Right palm pressing block in low stance (Slow motion)
    22. Left palm pressing block in low stance (Slow motion)
    23. Right back fist high side strike in sitting stance (Stamping motion)
    24. Double forearm middle block in walking stance
    25. Left forearm low reverse block in walking stance, keep right hand as was in 24
    26. Right flat fingertip high thrust in low stance
    27. Left back fist high side strike (Stamping motion)
    28. Double forearm middle block in walking stance
    29. Right forearm low reverse block in walking stance, keep right hand as was in 28
    30. Left flat fingertip high thrust in low stance
    31. Twin fist high vertical punch in walking stance (Stamping motion)
    32. Twin fist upset punch in walking stance (Stamping motion)
    33. Right middle front snap kick, Keep hands as they were in 32
    34. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    35. Left fist high punch in walking stance
    36. Twin fist upset punch in walking stance (Stamping motion)
    37. Left middle front snap kick, Keep hands as they were in 36
    38. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    39. Right fist high punch in walking stance

    END      Parallel Stance   Heaven Hand

    Po-Eun Tul

    Is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400 A.D.) who was a famous poet and whose poem; “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times.” is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram (-) represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty. (36 movements)

    START Parallel Stance Heaven Hand

    1. Middle forearm guarding block in L stance
    2. Upward punch with left fist in one-leg stance in one-leg stance
    3. Right pressing Kick in one-leg stance, keep hands as were in 2. (Fast motion) 4 Sitting Right knife-hand middle strike (Fast motion)
    4. Left fist angle punch in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    5. Pressing block with left forefist and middle side front block with right forearm in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    6. Pressing block with right forefist and middle side front block with left forearm in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    7. Middle wedging block with inner forearm in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    8. Right back elbow thrust, supporting the right forefist with left palm in sitting stance
    9. Middle punch with right fist, slipping left palm up to the right elbow joint in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    10. Left back elbow thrust, supporting the left forefist with right palm in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    11. Right horizontal punch in sitting stance
    12. Low front block with right outer forearm and bring left finger belly on the right underarm in X stance
    13. U shape grasp in L stance
    14. Twin horizontal elbow thrust in close stance
    15. Right back fist side back strike, extend left arm to the side downward in sitting stance.
    16. Left forearm low front block and bringing the right finger belly to the left side fist in X stance
    17. Reverse knife-hand low guarding block in sitting stance
    18. Middle forearm guarding block in L stance
    19. Upward punch with right fist in one-leg stance
    20. Left pressing Kick in one-leg stance, keep hands as were in 20. (Fast motion)
    21. Left knife-hand middle strike in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    22. Right fist angle punch in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    23. Pressing block with right forefist and middle side front block with left forearm in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    24. Pressing block with left forefist and middle side front block with right forearm in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    25. Middle wedging block with inner forearm in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    26. Left back elbow thrust, supporting the left forefist with right palm in sitting stance
    27. Middle punch with left fist, slipping right palm up to the left elbow joint in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    28. Right back elbow thrust, supporting the Right forefist with Left palm in sitting stance (Fast motion)
    29. Left horizontal punch in sitting stance
    30. Low front block with left outer forearm and bring right finger belly on the left underarm in X stance
    31. U shape grasp in L stance
    32. Twin horizontal elbow thrust in close stance
    33. Left back fist side back strike, extend right arm to the side downward in sitting stance.
    34. Right forearm low front block and bringing the left finger belly to the right side fist in X stance
    35. Reverse knife-hand low guarding block in sitting stance

    END     Parallel Stance Heaven Hand

    Gae-Baek Tul

    Is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram (I) represents his severe and strict military discipline. (44 movements)

    START Parallel  Ready stance

    1. Middle block with X-knife-hand in L stance
    2. Right low twisting kick, keep hands as they were in 1
    3. Middle punch with right fist in walking stance (fast motion)
    4. Middle punch with left fist in walking stance (fast motion)
    5. Rising block with left forearm in walking stance
    6. Left low forearm block in walking stance (continuous motion)
    7. Double arc-hand high block in walking stance
    8. Forearm guarding block in bending ready stance
    9. Scooping block with left palm in sitting stance
    10. Middle punch with right fist in sitting stance (continuous motion)
    11. Front strike with left back fist in sitting stance
    12. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    13. Left low front snap kick, keep hands in position
    14. High thrust with left flat fingertip in low stance
    15. High thrust with right flat fingertip in low stance
    16. Right middle side piercing kick pulling both hands in opposite direction
    17. Middle forearm guarding block in L stance
    18. Middle forearm guarding block in L stance
    19. Middle knife-hand guarding block in L stance
    20. Right 9-shape block in sitting stance
    21. Left knife-hand low block in walking stance
    22. Right middle turning kick (fast motion)
    23. Right flying side piercing kick (fast motion)
    24. High vertical punch with twin fist in walking stance
    25. Double arc-hand high block in walking stance
    26. Upset punch with left fist in walking stance
    27. Strike left palm with right front elbow in walking stance
    28. High right double forearm block in X stance
    29. Scooping block with right palm in sitting stance
    30. Middle punch with left fist in sitting stance (continuous motion)
    31. Front strike with right back fist in sitting stance
    32. High front strike with right reverse knife-hand in walking stance
    33. Right middle turning kick
    34. High vertical punch with twin fist in walking stance
    35. Middle punch with right middle knuckle fist in L stance
    36. Left 9-shape block in sitting stance
    37. Reverse knife hand low guarding block in sitting stance
    38. Knife hand low guarding block in sitting stance (Continuous motion)
    39. W-shape block in sitting stance (Stamping)
    40. W-shape block in sitting stance (Stamping)
    41. Rising block with right forearm in walking stance
    42. Middle punch with left fist in walking stance
    43. Rising block with left forearm in walking stance
    44. Middle punch with right fist in walking stance

                  Parallel  END

    Three Step Sparring 1 - 10

    1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

    Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

    2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

    3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

    4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

    5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

    Continue – 1 Further block.

    Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

    6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

    Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

    7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

    Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

    8: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

    Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right side kick followed by righ t knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

    9: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left inwards palm pushing block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Step to the left with right foot then left foot performing forearm guarding block. Then perform right middle turning kick to floating rib. Then move into vertical stance and perform right knife hand strike to carotid artery.

    10: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

    Continue – 1 Further block.

    Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle knife hand guarding block with right leg back. Perform right back kick followed by right reverse knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

    2 Step Sparring 1 - 8

    Ready stance for the attacker: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block
    Ready stance for the defender: Parallel ready stance

    1. Attack – High punch in walking stance followed by front snap kick.

    Defence – Right leg back into walking stance and with rising block. Then left leg back in walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block.

    Counter Attack – Twin fist vertical punch.

    2. Attack

    Side punch in fixed stance, followed my middle section turning kick.

    Defence – Right leg back into L stance with upward palm block. Then left leg back in L stance with waist block.

    Counter Attack – Slide back towards attacker performing rear elbow strike to solar plexus in sitting stance.

    3. Attack – Front kick into walking stance, followed by twin fist vertical punch.

    Defence – Right leg back into walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block. Then left back in walking stance with outer forearm wedging block.

    Counter Attack – Knee kick whilst at the same time pulling down on the the neck of the opponent.

    4. Attack – Flat fingertip thrust in walking stance, followed by side kick.

    Defence – Right leg back in walking stance with knife hand rising block. Left leg back in L stance with inward palm block.

    Counter Attack – Front kick with left leg to the coccyx, then twin fist upset punch to the kidneys.

    5. Attack – Right back kick, then moving forward in walking stance with open fist high punch (palm heel)

    Defence – Right leg back into L stance with waist block. Then left leg back in L stance with right outer forearm inward block.

    Counter Attack – Slip right into walking stance, with high section reverse knife hand strike.

    6. Attack – Right high section turning kick, then moving forward in walking stance with arc hand high strike.

    Defence – Left left back into sitting stance with twin straight forearm block. (Move left leg diagonally). Then right leg in L stance with palm hooking block.

    Counter Attack – Grabbing the arm perform left side kick, whilst pulling the arm for reaction force.

    7. Attack – Right fixed stance with side fist strike. Then left middle reverse turning kick.

    Defence – Left leg back in L stance with twin forearm block. Then sliding away to the right with right leg back in forearm guarding block.

    Counter Attack – Right high reverse turning kick.

    8. Attack – Right middle side kick stepping down perform spinning knife hand strike (turning anti-clockwise).

    Defence – Right leg back with inner forearm waist block. The perform double step into knife hand guarding block-blocking the second attack.

    Counter Attack – Left jumping ‘X’ stance high back fist side strike.

    1 Step Sparring
    One Step Sparring
    Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Parallel ready stance.

    All – Attacker – Single punch with right then left side.

    Defender – Block or dodge attacks with properly formed techniques either with hand or foot. All counter attacks must be repeated on each side.
    Students should balance counter attacks equally between hand and foot techniques. All kicks must use traditional foot positions.

    No front leg sparring kicks to be used.

    Advanced 1 Step Sparring

    Advanced One Step Sparring
    Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Parallel ready stance.

    Attacker – Any Single Hand or Foot Technique with right then left side.

    Defender – Block or dodge attacks with properly formed techniques either with hand or foot. All counter attacks must be repeated on each side.
    Students should balance counter attacks equally between hand and foot techniques. All kicks must use traditional foot positions.

    No front leg sparring kicks to be used.

    Semi Free Sparring
    Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block

    All – Attacker – The attacker should use a variety of kicks to show good technique with traditional foot positions only. Please note no front leg kicks are permitted.

    Defender – Block all kicks with properly formed blocks. All blocks should be completed in proper stances.

    Free Sparring

    Lets the students experiment with techniques in a safe and secure environment. Careful rules are in place to prevent any dangerous techniques being used. This is sometimes mistakenly thought of as competitive sport.

    3 versus 1 Sparring (18-35) / 2 versus 1 Sparring (-18, 35+)

    3 versus 1 Sparring (18-35) / 2 versus 1 Sparring (-18, 35+) (Idale Matsoki)

    Is used to teach students how to defend themselves against multiple opponents. This is extremely complex and a very tiring method of sparring. This type of sparring is used as the student progresses towards Black Belt.

    Breaking on Adult or Child Board

    Selection of points based technical breaks – to pass successful breaks must include one basic kick favoured leg and one basic kick less favoured leg, attempts at one hand technique, one reverse technique any leg, any jumping technique hand or foot (Please see breaking sheet).

    One technical break combination to boards must include one basic kick, one hand and one reverse technique.

    Pure Self-Defence (Hosin Sool)

    Defence from multiple attacks in any order – Hosin Sool Kyon Bon
    Defence against fixed knife attacks relaxed (16+) – Ilbo Matsogi Dae Dando
    Defence against weapons – sparring orientated. (16+) – Juyu Matsogi Dae Dando
    Traditional Sparring (normal speed inclusive of take downs/low kicks.  No dangerous techniques to be used 16+) – Chan T’ong Matsogi
    Explanation of three vital points (Ki Ryuk) of attack using relevant TKD techniques.  Must be named correctly. (18+)
    Under 16 to supplement with power kicks to shields.
    Pin sparring – 2 seconds hold rule. (back to back 30 secs, 3x rounds)

    2nd Dan

    Grading Criteria

    close

    Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

    Adult Grading Criteria 2nd-3rd Degree

    Min Years Trained – 3 Years.

    Role as an instructor of a newly formed club with a core student membership of at least 15 students or Excel in national taekwondo ITF style competition.  Act as a leading official at local competition.  Attend and help manage Grading Examinations.  Trains twice a week.  Maintains & develops knowledge and standard.

    Meets Black Belt Leadership Programme Critera, explained in NWTKD Black Belt Handbook.

    Child Grading Criteria 2nd-3rd Degree

    Min Years Trained – 6 Years.

    Completed yearly grading assessment.

    Must be 21 years old at time of full grading. 

    Meets Black Belt Leadership Programme Critera, explained in NWTKD Black Belt Handbook.

    Theory

    close

    Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

    2nd Dan Theory

    Double finger thrust – Doo Songarak Tulgi

    Palm scooping block – Sonbadak Duro Makgi

    Backhand downwards strike – Sondung Naeryo Taerigi

    Arc hand high reverse strike – Bandal Son Nopunde Bandae Taerigi

    Twin fore knuckle fist punch – Sang Inji Joomuk Bandal Jurugi

    Open fist strike – Pyonjoomuk Nopunde Bandae Jirugi

    Backward double stepping – Ibo Omgyo Didimyo Duruogi

    Backward Step-Slide-Turning – Dwiro Omgyo Didigo Mikulmyo Dolgi

    Back piercing kick – Dwit Cha Jirugi

    Downward elbow thrust – Naeryo Sun Palkup Tulgi

    Fingertip cross cut – Nopunde Ghutgi Opun Sonkut

    Meaning of Eui-Am: Eui-Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements relate to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (I) represents his indomitable spirit displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation. (45 movements)

    Meaning of Choong-Jang: Choong-Jang is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Joseon Dynasty, fifteenth century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolise the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity. (52 movements)

    Meaning of Ko-Dang: Ko-Dang is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Sik who dedicated his life to the independence movement and education of his people. The 39 movements signify his times of imprisonment and his birthplace on the 39th parallel.

    Meaning of Juche: Juche is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything. In other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain, North Korea. The diagram represents Baekdu mountain in North Korea. (45 moves).  This idea is strongly linked to Communist ideology of North Korea.

    Juche is a group of ideas developed by North Korean leader Kim Il-Sung, Juche means self-reliance. According to its supporters, the idea was developed from Marxism and Leninism. In many cases, it is noticeably different from both. At its base, the idea states that the interests of the people and their nation are more important than those of Leninism or Marxism. In this political ideology, the welfare of many people (which form the nation) is more important than the fate of the individual. 

    General Choi took TKD to North Korea and replaced Ko-Dang Tul with Juche.  Gen Choi believed TKD was for all people and had a vision of re-uniting Korea using TKD.  However, the impact of teaching TKD to North Korea was to upset and alienate himself further from South Korea, meaning that he could not be buried in South Korea when he died.  He was laid to rest in North Korea in 2002.

    Theory of Power
    Physical power combined with technique is the most important factor in TaeKwonDo, since without powerful techniques the student would not be able to overcome an assault. The development of physical power in TaeKwonDo is the result of the utilisation and co-ordination of reaction force, concentration, equilibrium, breath control and speed.

    Reaction Force

    Reaction Force has two elements. First, reaction force is generated by pulling the fist to the hip to increase the force of a punch to an opponent; this is often described as the piston action. Later in training the student will develop other methods of reaction force. The second is the effect of an opponent moving towards you and being struck by your attack. The total force is that of your own attack plus that of the opponent moving towards you.

    Concentration

    Concentration is described as the ability to mobilise the correct muscles in order to optimise the attack and to focus the attack on the target area. By utilising the correct muscle groups maximum power can be achieved. The effectiveness will be determined by the concentration of the power to the smallest possible target area.

    Equilibrium

    Equilibrium is classified into both dynamic and static balance. They are so closely interrelated that the maximum power can only be produced when the static stability is maintained through dynamic (mobile) stability. To maintain good equilibrium, the centre of gravity must fall on a straight line midway between both legs (assuming both feet remain on the floor).

    Breath Control

    Correctly controlled breathing can improve one’s stamina. It can also condition the body to receive a blow and increase the power of a blow directed toward an opponent. The student should never inhale while focusing a block or attack against an opponent otherwise the movement will be impeded and the effectiveness reduced.

    Speed

    Speed is an essential factor of force. Two formulae are used in the calculation of power. Force = Mass x Acceleration, which can be used to determine the power required to mobilise and indeed to demobilise a body. Secondly, Energy = ½ Mass x Velocity x Velocity, the amount of energy contained in an object travelling at speed. Both formula show that for a given mass both speed and acceleration are vital for the maximisation of power.

    REMEMBER (C.R.E.M.B.S) Concentration; Reaction Force; Equilibrium [balance]; Mass; Breath Control; Speed [acceleration].

    Practical

    close

    Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

    2nd Dan Practical

    Any pattern from lower grades

    Eui-Am Tul, Choong-Jang Tul, Ko-Dang Tul and Juche Tul.

    Combination Techniques (Hands and Feet)

    Basic & Advanced Techniques applicable to pattern inclusive of kicks

    1-10 Three Step Sparring, 1-8 Two Step Sparring, 1 Step Sparring, Semi-Free Sparring, Free Sparring,

    Advanced 1 Step Sparring

    Foot Sparring (Bal Matsogi)

    3v1 Sam-Tae-Il Matsogi (18-35) 2v1 (-18, 35+)

    Pure self-defence & Breaking (as below)

    Advanced Kicks to Paddles (combinations and jumping/flying techniques)

    Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from each Pattern

    Eui-Am Tul

    Is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements relate to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (I) represents his indomitable spirit displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation. (45 movements)

    START   Close     Both arms in low block position

    1. Right knife-hand low inward block in walking stance
    2. Left outer forearm high side block in walking stance
    3. Middle punch with right fist in walking stance
    4. Low twisting kick, hands in same position
    5. X-fist downward block in walking stance
    6. Right knife-hand rising block in walking stance (Continuous motion)
    7. Right back fist high side strike, bringing left finger belly to right side fist in X stance (Jump)
    8. Middle punch with left fist in L stance
    9. Right middle reverse turning kick
    10. Right knife-hand middle side strike in sitting stance (Stamping)
    11. Left middle side piercing kick, pulling both hands in opposite direction
    12. Right fist high crescent punch in walking stance
    13. Left fist middle turning punch in parallel stance (Slow)
    14. Left knife-hand low inward block in walking stance
    15. Right outer forearm high side block in walking stance
    16. Middle punch with left fist in walking stance
    17. Low twisting kick, hands in same position
    18. X-fist downward block in walking stance

    19.Left knife-hand rising block in walking stance (Continuous motion)

    1. Left back fist high side strike, bringing right finger belly to left side fist in X stance (Jump)
    2. Middle punch with right fist in L stance
    3. Left middle reverse turning kick
    4. Left knife-hand middle side strike in sitting stance (Stamping)
    5. Left middle side piercing kick, pulling both hands in opposite direction
    6. Left fist high crescent punch in walking stance
    7. Right fist middle turning punch in parallel stance (Slow)
    8. Knife-hand middle wedging block in walking stance
    9. Left reverse knife-hand circular block in walking stance
    10. Twin palm downward block in rear foot stance
    11. Middle punch with left fist in L stance
    12. Low inward block with right reverse knife-hand in L stance
    13. Knife-hand middle wedging block in walking stance
    14. Right reverse knife-hand circular block in walking stance
    15. Twin palm downward block in rear foot stance
    16. Middle punch with right fist in L stance
    17. Low inward block with left reverse knife-hand in L stance
    18. Right high reverse turning kick
    19. Forearm middle guarding block in rear foot stance
    20. Left high reverse turning kick
    21. Forearm middle guarding block in rear foot stance
    22. Low block with left knife-hand in L stance
    23. Middle punch with right fist in walking stance
    24. Low block with right knife-hand in L stance
    25. Middle punch with left fist in walking stance
    26. High punch with right fist in walking stance

    END      Close     Both arms in low block position

    Choong-Jang Tul

    Is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Joseon Dynasty, fifteenth century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolise the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity. (52 movements)

    START   Closed ready stance A

    1. Right inner forearm high side front block and low block with left outer forearm in sitting stance
    2. Left inner forearm high side front block and low block with right outer forearm in sitting stance
    3. Left fist angle punch in close stance (Slow)
    4. High thrust with right double finger in walking stance
    5. High thrust with left double finger in walking stance
    6. Front strike with right back fist in walking stance
    7. Left forearm rising block in walking stance
    8. Middle punch with right fist in walking stance
    9. Forearm middle guarding block in L stance
    10. Right low front snap kick, hands in same position
    11. High thrust with right flat fingertip in low stance
    12. Right high turning kick, supporting the body with both hands and left knee
    13. High punch with right fist while pressing ground with left palm
    14. Left side elbow thrust in L stance
    15. Forearm middle guarding block in L stance
    16. Left palm scooping block in L stance
    17. Middle strike with right knife-hand in L stance
    18. X-fist pressing block in walking stance
    19. Low front snap kick with the right knee, pulling both hands
    20. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    21. Right side elbow thrust in L stance
    22. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    23. Right middle side piercing kick, pulling both hands
    24. Twin palm pressing block in rear foot stance
    25. High front block with right outer forearm, then a high side strike with the right back fist in walking stance
    26. High thrust with left flat fingertip in L stance
    27. Right low front snap kick, bringing right palm on left back forearm
    28. Place left side fist on right under fist in walking stance (Slow)
    29. Left back hand downward strike in L stance (Stamping)
    30. Middle punch with right fist to left palm in L stance
    31. Right back hand downward strike in L stance (Stamping)
    32. Middle punch with left fist to right palm in L stance
    33. Middle outward strike with left knife-hand in L stance (Stamping)
    34. High side front strike with right back fist striking the left palm with right elbow in walking stance
    35. Middle outward strike with right knife-hand in L stance (Stamping)
    36. High side front strike with left back fist striking the right palm with left elbow in walking stance
    37. Reverse knife-hand low guarding block in L stance
    38. Right 9-shape block in walking stance
    39. Reverse knife-hand low guarding block in L stance
    40. Left 9-shape block in walking stance
    41. Twin knife-hand horizontal strike in walking stance
    42. High strike with right arc-hand in walking stance
    43. Right middle front snap kick, keeping hands in position
    44. High strike with left arc-hand in walking stance
    45. Left middle front snap kick, keeping hands in position
    46. Middle punch with right fist in walking stance
    47. Middle punch with left fist in walking stance (Fast)
    48. Twin fore-knuckle fist high crescent punch in close stance
    49. Low block with left knife-hand in walking stance
    50. High punch with right open fist in walking stance
    51. Low block with right knife-hand in walking stance
    52. High punch with left open fist in walking stance

    END      Closed ready stance A

    Ko-Dang Tul

    Is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Sik who dedicated his life to the independence movement and education of his people. The 39 movements signify his times of imprisonment and his birthplace on the 39th parallel.

    START   Closed ready stance A

    1. Middle pushing block with left palm in sitting stance
    2. Middle punch with right fist in sitting stance
    3. Middle guarding block with forearm in L stance
    4. Low block with the right forearm and a middle side block with the left inner forearm in L stance
    5. Middle pushing block with a right palm in sitting stance
    6. Middle punch with the left fist in sitting stance
    7. Middle guarding block with the forearm in L stance
    8. Low block with the left forearm and a middle side block with the right inner forearm in L stance
    9. Left bending ready stance B
    10. Right middle back piercing kick
    11. Middle block with a left knife-hand in L stance
    12. Right bending ready stance B
    13. Left middle back piercing kick
    14. Middle block with a right knife-hand in L stance
    15. Downward thrust with a left straight elbow in L stance
    16. Downward thrust with a right straight elbow in L stance
    17. Pressing block with a right palm in walking stance (Slow)
    18. Change the position of the hands in walking stance (Slow)
    19. Downward block with the left outer forearm in L stance
    20. Downward block with the right outer forearm in L stance
    21. Upward block with a left palm in rear foot stance
    22. Upward block with a right palm in rear foot stance
    23. Middle front snap kick with the left foot, keep hands in position in rear foot stance
    24. High inward strike with both knife-hands in walking stance
    25. Rising block with a left knife-hand in walking stance (continuous motion)
    26. Low guarding block with the knife-hand in L stance
    27. Downward punch with the right fist in walking stance
    28. Middle guarding block with a knife-hand in L stance
    29. Middle guarding block with a knife-hand in L stance
    30. High side strike with right back fist in X stance
    31. High side block with the left outer forearm in walking stance
    32. High side block with the right outer forearm in walking stance
    33. Upset punch with the right fist and bringing the left side fist in front of the right shoulder in L stance
    34. Right middle hooking kick
    35. High cross cut with a right flat fingertip in L stance
    36. Left middle hooking kick
    37. High cross cut with a left flat fingertip in L stance
    38. High guarding block with a knife-hand in L stance
    39. High guarding block with a knife-hand in L stance

    END      Closed ready stance A

    Juche Tul (ITF Sine Wave)

    Is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything. In other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain, North Korea. The diagram represents Baekdu mountain in North Korea. (45 moves).  This idea is strongly linked to Communist ideology of North Korea.

    Juche is a group of ideas developed by North Korean leader Kim Il-Sung, Juche means self-reliance. According to its supporters, the idea was developed from Marxism and Leninism. In many cases, it is noticeably different from both. At its base, the idea states that the interests of the people and their nation are more important than those of Leninism or Marxism. In this political ideology, the welfare of many people (which form the nation) is more important than the fate of the individual. 

    General Choi took TKD to North Korea and replaced Ko-Dang Tul with Juche.  Gen Choi believed TKD was for all people and had a vision of re-uniting Korea using TKD.  However, the impact of teaching TKD to North Korea was to upset and alienate himself further from South Korea, meaning that he could not be buried in South Korea when he died.  He was laid to rest in North Korea in 2002.

    START   Parallel stance Forefists to hips

    1. Parallel Block with inner forearm in sitting stance (High section)
    2. Standing up Middle hooking block with right palm
    3. Middle punch with left fist in sitting stance (Continuous motion)
    4. Right reverse footsword to left knee joint, execute a parallel block with the outer forearm in one leg stance
    5. Right middle side piercing kick, then high reverse hooking kick (Slow motion, consecutive kicks)
    6. Downward strike with right back fist in X stance (jumping motion)
    7. Middle hooking kick and high side piercing kick with left foot (consecutive kicks)
    8. High Outward cross-cut with left flat fingertip in sitting stance (Stamping motion)
    9. Right high elbow strike, pressing the right side fist with left palm in walking stance
    10. Low front block with left reverse knife-hand, bringing the right finger belly on the left back forearm in X stance
    11. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    12. Mid-air strike with left knife-hand spinning counter clockwise, landing with left arm extended in L stance
    13. Parallel Block with inner forearm in sitting stance (High section)
    14. Standing up Middle hooking block with left palm
    15. Middle punch with right fist in sitting stance (Continuous motion)
    16. Left reverse footsword to right knee joint, execute a parallel block with the outer forearm in one leg stance
    17. Left middle side piercing kick, then high reverse hooking kick (Slow motion, consecutive kicks)
    18. Downward strike with left back fist in X stance (jumping motion)
    19. Middle hooking kick and high side piercing kick with right foot (consecutive kicks)
    20. High Outward cross-cut with right flat fingertip in sitting stance (Stamping motion)
    21. Left high elbow strike, pressing the left side fist with right palm in walking stance
    22. Low front block with right reverse knife-hand, bringing the left finger belly on the right back forearm in X stance
    23. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    24. Mid-air strike with right knife-hand spinning counter clockwise, landing with right arm extended in L stance
    25. Left pick-shaped kick, middle forearm guarding block in rear foot stance
    26. Heaven hand in close stance (Slow motion)
    27. Right straight elbow downward thrust in rear foot stance
    28. Left arc-hand high crescent strike in walking stance
    29. Left straight elbow downward thrust in rear foot stance
    30. Right arc-hand high crescent strike in walking stance
    31. High inward strike with twin knife-hand in walking stance
    32. Right fist downward punch in walking stance
    33. Left outer forearm downward block in L stance
    34. Dodging reverse turning kick with right foot, land middle forearm guarding block in L stance
    35. Right outer forearm downward block in L stance
    36. Dodging reverse turning kick with left foot, land middle forearm guarding block in L stance
    37. Step right foot, then left foot, then execute a flying two direction kick (twisting kick to the left, side kick with the right)
    38. Twin palm rising block in Diagonal stance
    39. Right side elbow thrust in rear foot stance
    40. Left middle back piercing kick in bending ready stance (Slow motion)
    41. Horizontal strike with left back fist in L stance (Stamping motion)
    42. High inward cross-cut with right flat fingertip in Parallel stance
    43. Flying right front punch and right upset punch consecutively in close stance
    44. Left knife-hand front downward strike in right walking stance
    45. Middle punch with right fist in left walking stance

    END      Parallel stance Forefists to hips

    Three Step Sparring 1 - 10

    1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

    Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

    2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

    3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

    4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

    5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

    Continue – 1 Further block.

    Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

    6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

    Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

    7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

    Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

    8: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

    Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right side kick followed by righ t knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

    9: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left inwards palm pushing block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Step to the left with right foot then left foot performing forearm guarding block. Then perform right middle turning kick to floating rib. Then move into vertical stance and perform right knife hand strike to carotid artery.

    10: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

    Continue – 1 Further block.

    Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle knife hand guarding block with right leg back. Perform right back kick followed by right reverse knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

    2 Step Sparring 1 - 8

    Ready stance for the attacker: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block
    Ready stance for the defender: Parallel ready stance

    1. Attack – High punch in walking stance followed by front snap kick.

    Defence – Right leg back into walking stance and with rising block. Then left leg back in walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block.

    Counter Attack – Twin fist vertical punch.

    2. Attack

    Side punch in fixed stance, followed my middle section turning kick.

    Defence – Right leg back into L stance with upward palm block. Then left leg back in L stance with waist block.

    Counter Attack – Slide back towards attacker performing rear elbow strike to solar plexus in sitting stance.

    3. Attack – Front kick into walking stance, followed by twin fist vertical punch.

    Defence – Right leg back into walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block. Then left back in walking stance with outer forearm wedging block.

    Counter Attack – Knee kick whilst at the same time pulling down on the the neck of the opponent.

    4. Attack – Flat fingertip thrust in walking stance, followed by side kick.

    Defence – Right leg back in walking stance with knife hand rising block. Left leg back in L stance with inward palm block.

    Counter Attack – Front kick with left leg to the coccyx, then twin fist upset punch to the kidneys.

    5. Attack – Right back kick, then moving forward in walking stance with open fist high punch (palm heel)

    Defence – Right leg back into L stance with waist block. Then left leg back in L stance with right outer forearm inward block.

    Counter Attack – Slip right into walking stance, with high section reverse knife hand strike.

    6. Attack – Right high section turning kick, then moving forward in walking stance with arc hand high strike.

    Defence – Left left back into sitting stance with twin straight forearm block. (Move left leg diagonally). Then right leg in L stance with palm hooking block.

    Counter Attack – Grabbing the arm perform left side kick, whilst pulling the arm for reaction force.

    7. Attack – Right fixed stance with side fist strike. Then left middle reverse turning kick.

    Defence – Left leg back in L stance with twin forearm block. Then sliding away to the right with right leg back in forearm guarding block.

    Counter Attack – Right high reverse turning kick.

    8. Attack – Right middle side kick stepping down perform spinning knife hand strike (turning anti-clockwise).

    Defence – Right leg back with inner forearm waist block. The perform double step into knife hand guarding block-blocking the second attack.

    Counter Attack – Left jumping ‘X’ stance high back fist side strike.

    1 Step Sparring
    One Step Sparring
    Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Parallel ready stance.

    All – Attacker – Single punch with right then left side.

    Defender – Block or dodge attacks with properly formed techniques either with hand or foot. All counter attacks must be repeated on each side.
    Students should balance counter attacks equally between hand and foot techniques. All kicks must use traditional foot positions.

    No front leg sparring kicks to be used.

    Advanced 1 Step Sparring

    Advanced One Step Sparring
    Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Parallel ready stance.

    Attacker – Any Single Hand or Foot Technique with right then left side.

    Defender – Block or dodge attacks with properly formed techniques either with hand or foot. All counter attacks must be repeated on each side.
    Students should balance counter attacks equally between hand and foot techniques. All kicks must use traditional foot positions.

    No front leg sparring kicks to be used.

    Semi Free Sparring
    Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block

    All – Attacker – The attacker should use a variety of kicks to show good technique with traditional foot positions only. Please note no front leg kicks are permitted.

    Defender – Block all kicks with properly formed blocks. All blocks should be completed in proper stances.

    Free Sparring
    Lets the students experiment with techniques in a safe and secure environment. Careful rules are in place to prevent any dangerous techniques being used. This is sometimes mistakenly thought of as competitive sport.
    3 versus 1 Sparring (18-35) / 2 versus 1 Sparring (-18, 35+)

    3 versus 1 Sparring (18-35) (Sam-Tae-Il Matsogi )/ 2 versus 1 Sparring (-18, 35+) (Idale Matsoki)

    Is used to teach students how to defend themselves against multiple opponents. This is extremely complex and a very tiring method of sparring. This type of sparring is used as the student progresses towards Black Belt.

    Breaking on Adult or Child Board

    Selection of points based technical breaks – to pass successful breaks must include one basic kick favoured leg and one basic kick less favoured leg, attempts at one hand technique, one reverse technique any leg, any jumping technique hand or foot (Please see breaking sheet)

    One technical break combination to boards must include one basic kick, one hand and one jumping technique.

    One Power break – Any leg technique 3/4 boards (3 for -75kg or Female Student / 4 for +75kg)

    Pure Self-Defence (Hosin Sool)

    Defence from multiple attacks in any order – Hosin Sool Kyon Bon
    Defence against fixed knife attacks relaxed (16+) –  Ilbo Matsogi Dae Dando
    Defence against weapons – sparring orientated. – (16+) Juyu Matsogi Dae Dando
    Defence against close range knife attacks (16+) – Hosin Sool Dae Dando
    Traditional Sparring (normal speed inclusive of take downs/low kicks. No dangerous techniques to be used 16+) – Chan T’ong Matsogi
    Defence against club/long weapon –  Hosin Sool Dae Gonbong
    Defence against Pistol  – Hosin Sool Dae Gwon Chong
    Demonstration of break fall and one throwing technique – Dunjigi Wa Torojigi
    Explanation of nine vital points of attack using relevant TKD techniques. Must be named correctly. (18+)
    Pin sparring – 2 seconds hold rule. (back to back 30 secs, 3x rounds)
    Defence from the ground – 3 techniques
    Hand to hand drill 1-6

    3rd Dan

    Grading Criteria

    close

    Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

    Adult Grading Criteria 3rd-4th Degree

    Min Years Trained – 4 Years.

    Role as an instructor of a newly formed club with a core student membership of at least 30 students or Excel in national taekwondo ITF style competition.  Act as a leading official at regional competition.  Attend and help manage Grading Examinations.  Trains twice a week.  Maintains & develops knowledge and standard.

    Meets Black Belt Leadership Programme Critera, explained in NWTKD Black Belt Handbook.

    Theory

    close

    Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

    3rd Dan Theory

    Meaning of Choi-Yong: Choi-Yong is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces during the fourteenth century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders, headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Joseon Dynasty.(46 movements)

    Meaning of Sam-il: Sam-il Denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement. (33 Movements)

    Meaning of Yoo-Sin: Yoo-Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, commanding general during the Silla Dynasty, who unified the three separate kingdoms of Korea. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D, the year Korea was united. (68 movements)

    Theory of Power
    Physical power combined with technique is the most important factor in TaeKwonDo, since without powerful techniques the student would not be able to overcome an assault. The development of physical power in TaeKwonDo is the result of the utilisation and co-ordination of reaction force, concentration, equilibrium, breath control and speed.

    Reaction Force

    Reaction Force has two elements. First, reaction force is generated by pulling the fist to the hip to increase the force of a punch to an opponent; this is often described as the piston action. Later in training the student will develop other methods of reaction force. The second is the effect of an opponent moving towards you and being struck by your attack. The total force is that of your own attack plus that of the opponent moving towards you.

    Concentration

    Concentration is described as the ability to mobilise the correct muscles in order to optimise the attack and to focus the attack on the target area. By utilising the correct muscle groups maximum power can be achieved. The effectiveness will be determined by the concentration of the power to the smallest possible target area.

    Equilibrium

    Equilibrium is classified into both dynamic and static balance. They are so closely interrelated that the maximum power can only be produced when the static stability is maintained through dynamic (mobile) stability. To maintain good equilibrium, the centre of gravity must fall on a straight line midway between both legs (assuming both feet remain on the floor).

    Breath Control

    Correctly controlled breathing can improve one’s stamina. It can also condition the body to receive a blow and increase the power of a blow directed toward an opponent. The student should never inhale while focusing a block or attack against an opponent otherwise the movement will be impeded and the effectiveness reduced.

    Speed

    Speed is an essential factor of force. Two formulae are used in the calculation of power. Force = Mass x Acceleration, which can be used to determine the power required to mobilise and indeed to demobilise a body. Secondly, Energy = ½ Mass x Velocity x Velocity, the amount of energy contained in an object travelling at speed. Both formula show that for a given mass both speed and acceleration are vital for the maximisation of power.

    REMEMBER (C.R.E.M.B.S) Concentration; Reaction Force; Equilibrium [balance]; Mass; Breath Control; Speed [acceleration].

    Practical

    close

    Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.

    3rd Dan Practical

    Any pattern from lower grades

    Choi-Yong, Sam-Il and Yoo-Sin.

    Combination Techniques (Hands and Feet)

    Basic & Advanced Techniques applicable to pattern inclusive of kicks

    1-10 Three Step Sparring, 1-8 Two Step Sparring, 1 Step Sparring, Semi-Free Sparring, Free Sparring,

    Advanced 1 Step Sparring

    Foot Sparring (Bal Matsogi)

    3v1 Sam-Tae-Il Matsogi (18-35) 2v1 (-18, 35+)

    Pure self-defence & Breaking (as below)

    Advanced Kicks to Paddles (combinations and jumping/flying techniques)

    Application of Technique – Three Self-Defence Techniques from each Pattern

    Choi-Yong Tul

    Is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces during the fourteenth century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders, headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Joseon Dynasty.(46 movements)

    START   Close ready stance C

    1. Forearm middle guarding block in rear foot stance
    2. High punch with left middle knuckle fist in rear foot stance
    3. Forearm middle guarding block in rear foot stance
    4. High punch with right middle knuckle fist in rear foot stance
    5. Left knife-hand rising block in walking stance
    6. Circular block with right inner forearm in walking stance
    7. Middle punch with left fist in walking stance
    8. Right knife-hand rising block in walking stance
    9. Circular block with left inner forearm in walking stance
    10. Middle punch with right fist in walking stance
    11. Knife-hand low guarding block in L stance
    12. Right middle turning kick, lower to the side front of left foot
    13. Left high reverse hooking kick
    14. Left middle side piercing kick with forearm guarding block (consecutive kick)
    15. Right front elbow strike to left palm in walking stance
    16. Knife-hand low guarding block in L stance
    17. Left middle turning kick, lower to the side front of right foot
    18. Right high reverse hooking kick
    19. Right middle side piercing kick with forearm guarding block (consecutive kick)
    20. Left front elbow strike to right palm in walking stance
    21. Right palm pressing block (Fast motion) in walking stance
    22. Left palm pressing block (Fast motion) in walking stance
    23. Knife-hand W-shape block in walking stance
    24. Right middle front snap kick, keeping hands in position
    25. Forearm middle guarding block in L stance
    26. Knife-hand W-shape block in walking stance
    27. Left middle front snap kick, keeping hands in position
    28. Forearm middle guarding block in L stance
    29. Forearm middle guarding block in L stance
    30. High thrust with left flat fingertip in walking stance
    31. High thrust with right flat fingertip in walking stance
    32. Middle hooking block with right palm in parallel stance
    33. Middle punch with left fist in parallel stance (Continuous motion)
    34. Bending ready stance
    35. Right middle side piercing kick, arms forearm guarding block
    36. Right back fist high side strike, left finger belly to left side fist in X stance
    37. Right high reverse hooking kick
    38. Right knife-hand middle outward strike in L stance (stamping motion)
    39. Middle hooking block with left palm in parallel stance
    40. Middle punch with right fist in parallel stance (Continuous motion)
    41. Bending ready stance
    42. Left middle side piercing kick, arms forearm guarding block
    43. Left back fist high side strike, right finger belly to left side fist in X stance
    44. Left high reverse hooking kick
    45. Left knife-hand middle outward strike in L stance (stamping motion)
    46. Middle punch with right fist in fixed stance

    END      Close ready stance C

    Sam-il Tul

    Denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement. (33 Movements)

    START   Close ready stance C      

    1. Forearm middle guarding block in L stance
    2. Double forearm high block in walking stance
    3. Right knife-hand high side block and left palm on the right back forearm in walking stance
    4. Right middle twisting kick, keep hand position as 3
    5. Middle punch with right fist in walking stance
    6. Reverse knife-hand middle wedging block in sitting stance
    7. Low thrust with right upset fingertip in walking stance
    8. High right outer forearm block and left forearm low block in L stance
    9. Reverse knife-hand middle wedging block in sitting stance
    10. Low punch with right double fist in L stance
    11. High block with double arc-hand in walking stance
    12. Middle punch with left fist in walking stance
    13. Low punch with left double fist in L stance
    14. High guarding block with reverse knife-hand in L stance
    15. U-shape block in fixed stance
    16. Sweeping kick with right side sole, followed by U-shaped block in fixed stance
    17. Middle guarding block with knife-hand in L stance
    18. Right middle side piercing kick and form knife-hand guarding block
    19. Right front elbow strike to left palm in walking stance
    20. Left back elbow thrust, supporting left forefist with right palm in Diagonal stance
    21. X-fist pressing block in walking stance
    22. Outer forearm W-shape block in sitting stance
    23. Left middle side piercing kick and form forearm guarding block
    24. Low guarding block with knife-hand in L stance
    25. Left palm upward block in rear foot stance
    26. Twin palm pressing block in rear foot stance
    27. Upset punch with twin fist in walking stance (Stamping)
    28. Low block with right forearm, pull left fist under left armpit in L stance
    29. Middle punch with left fist in L stance
    30. Right forearm middle front block in walking stance
    31. High punch with left fist in walking stance (continuous motion)
    32. Left low front snap kick, keeping hands in position 31
    33. High vertical punch with twin fist in walking stance (Stamping motion)

    END      Close ready stance C      

    Yoo-Sin Tul

    Is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, commanding general during the Silla Dynasty, who unified the three separate kingdoms of Korea. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. (68 movements)

    START   Parallel stance Left fist across body, right palm next to it

    1. Both elbows extended to the sides horizontally in sitting stance
    2. Left fist angle punch in sitting stance
    3. Right fist angle punch in sitting stance
    4. Standing up Middle hooking block with the right palm
    5. Middle punch with left fist in sitting stance (continuous motion)
    6. Standing up Middle hooking block with the left palm
    7. Middle punch with right fist in sitting stance (continuous motion)
    8. High side block with left outer forearm in walking stance
    9. Right inner forearm circular block in walking stance
    10. Left palm scooping block in sitting stance
    11. Middle punch with right fist in sitting stance
    12. High side block with right outer forearm in walking stance
    13. Left inner forearm circular block in walking stance
    14. Right palm scooping block in sitting stance
    15. Middle punch with left fist in sitting stance (continuous motion)
    16. Right palm high hooking block in walking stance
    17. Middle punch with left fist in sitting stance (continuous motion)
    18. Left palm high hooking block in walking stance (continuous motion)
    19. Middle punch with right fist in sitting stance (continuous motion)
    20. X-fist pressing block in walking stance
    21. X-Knife-hand rising block in walking stance (continuous motion)
    22. Middle punch with right fist, slip left palm up to right elbow joint in walking stance
    23. Right low snap kick, keep hands in position 22
    24. Reverse middle punch with left fist in walking stance
    25. X-fist pressing block in walking stance
    26. X-Knife-hand rising block in walking stance (continuous motion)
    27. Middle punch with left fist, slip right palm up to right elbow joint in walking stance
    28. Left low snap kick, keep hands in position 27
    29. Reverse middle punch with right fist in walking stance
    30. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    31. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    32. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    33. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    34. High block with right double forearm in walking stance
    35. Low block with left forearm, keep right hand in position in walking stance (fast motion)
    36. High block with left double forearm in walking stance
    37. Low block with right forearm, keep left hand in position in walking stance (fast motion)
    38. Middle punch with right fist in walking stance
    39. High block with left reverse knife-hand in L stance
    40. Close ready stance C
    41. Upset punch with twin fist in walking stance (Stamping motion)
    42. Upset punch with twin fist in walking stance (Stamping motion)
    43. Middle block with right inner forearm in L stance
    44. Reverse middle punch with left fist in L stance
    45. Right fist angle punch in close stance (Slow motion)
    46. Middle block with left inner forearm in L stance
    47. Reverse middle punch with right fist in L stance
    48. Left fist angle punch in close stance (Slow motion)
    49. U-shape punch in fixed stance
    50. U-shape punch in fixed stance
    51. Front strike with right back fist in sitting stance (Stamping motion)
    52. Right waving kick, High outward block with right outer forearm in sitting stance, keep left hand in position

    53 Left waving kick, High outward block with right outer forearm in sitting stance, keep left hand in position

    1. Right back hand horizontal strike in sitting stance
    2. Left middle crescent kick to right palm
    3. Left middle side piercing kick, pulling fists in opposite direction (Consecutive kick)
    4. Left back hand horizontal strike in sitting stance
    5. Right middle crescent kick to left palm
    6. Right middle side piercing kick, pulling fists in opposite direction (Consecutive kick)
    7. Right 9-shape block in sitting stance
    8. Left 9-shape block in sitting stance
    9. Right 9-shape block in sitting stance
    10. Left 9-shape block in sitting stance
    11. Downward strike with right side fist in vertical stance
    12. High vertical punch with a twin fist in walking stance
    13. High vertical punch with a twin fist in walking stance
    14. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance
    15. Knife-hand middle guarding block in L stance

    END      Parallel stance Left fist across body, right palm next to it

    Three Step Sparring 1 - 10

    1: Defence – Right leg back into walking stance. Perform left inner forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in walking stance.

    Counter Attack – Right middle reverse punch.

    2: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move left foot out and forwards. Move right foot around attackers leg and perform right knife-hand strike to the carotid artery.

    3: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inward forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks moving back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – L Stance back fist strike to bridge of the nose.

    4: Defence – Left leg back into L stance. Perform right inner forearm block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move left leg out into sitting stance. Perform left fist measure punch (slow), then full speed double punch to floating rib.

    5: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left outer forearm block.

    Continue – 1 Further block.

    Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, at the same time perform left outer forearm block and right punch.

    6: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

    Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move right foot into sitting stance, and at the same time perform left single knife hand block and right inwards knife hand strike.

    7: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left forearm block.

    Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right front snap kick with double punch.

    8: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

    Continue – 1 Further block back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle forearm guarding block with right leg back. Perform right side kick followed by righ t knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

    9: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left inwards palm pushing block.

    Continue – 2 Further blocks back in L stance.

    Counter Attack – Step to the left with right foot then left foot performing forearm guarding block. Then perform right middle turning kick to floating rib. Then move into vertical stance and perform right knife hand strike to carotid artery.

    10: Defence – Right leg back into L stance. Perform left single knife hand block.

    Continue – 1 Further block.

    Counter Attack – Move right and across to perform middle knife hand guarding block with right leg back. Perform right back kick followed by right reverse knife hand strike to the carotid artery.

    2 Step Sparring 1 - 8

    Ready stance for the attacker: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block
    Ready stance for the defender: Parallel ready stance

    1. Attack – High punch in walking stance followed by front snap kick.

    Defence – Right leg back into walking stance and with rising block. Then left leg back in walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block.

    Counter Attack – Twin fist vertical punch.

    2. Attack

    Side punch in fixed stance, followed my middle section turning kick.

    Defence – Right leg back into L stance with upward palm block. Then left leg back in L stance with waist block.

    Counter Attack – Slide back towards attacker performing rear elbow strike to solar plexus in sitting stance.

    3. Attack – Front kick into walking stance, followed by twin fist vertical punch.

    Defence – Right leg back into walking stance with ‘X’ fist pressing block. Then left back in walking stance with outer forearm wedging block.

    Counter Attack – Knee kick whilst at the same time pulling down on the the neck of the opponent.

    4. Attack – Flat fingertip thrust in walking stance, followed by side kick.

    Defence – Right leg back in walking stance with knife hand rising block. Left leg back in L stance with inward palm block.

    Counter Attack – Front kick with left leg to the coccyx, then twin fist upset punch to the kidneys.

    5. Attack – Right back kick, then moving forward in walking stance with open fist high punch (palm heel)

    Defence – Right leg back into L stance with waist block. Then left leg back in L stance with right outer forearm inward block.

    Counter Attack – Slip right into walking stance, with high section reverse knife hand strike.

    6. Attack – Right high section turning kick, then moving forward in walking stance with arc hand high strike.

    Defence – Left left back into sitting stance with twin straight forearm block. (Move left leg diagonally). Then right leg in L stance with palm hooking block.

    Counter Attack – Grabbing the arm perform left side kick, whilst pulling the arm for reaction force.

    7. Attack – Right fixed stance with side fist strike. Then left middle reverse turning kick.

    Defence – Left leg back in L stance with twin forearm block. Then sliding away to the right with right leg back in forearm guarding block.

    Counter Attack – Right high reverse turning kick.

    8. Attack – Right middle side kick stepping down perform spinning knife hand strike (turning anti-clockwise).

    Defence – Right leg back with inner forearm waist block. The perform double step into knife hand guarding block-blocking the second attack.

    Counter Attack – Left jumping ‘X’ stance high back fist side strike.

    1 Step Sparring
    One Step Sparring
    Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Parallel ready stance.

    All – Attacker – Single punch with right then left side.

    Defender – Block or dodge attacks with properly formed techniques either with hand or foot. All counter attacks must be repeated on each side.
    Students should balance counter attacks equally between hand and foot techniques. All kicks must use traditional foot positions.

    No front leg sparring kicks to be used.

    Advanced 1 Step Sparring

    Advanced One Step Sparring
    Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Parallel ready stance.

    All – Attacker – Single technique with hand or foot with right then left side.

    Defender – Block or dodge attacks with properly formed techniques either with hand or foot. All counter attacks must be repeated on each side.
    Students should balance counter attacks equally between hand and foot techniques. All kicks must use traditional foot positions.

    No front leg sparring kicks to be used.

    Semi Free Sparring
    Ready stance for the attacker and defender: Right leg back in L stance in forearm guarding block

    All – Attacker – The attacker should use a variety of kicks to show good technique with traditional foot positions only. Please note no front leg kicks are permitted.

    Defender – Block all kicks with properly formed blocks. All blocks should be completed in proper stances.

    Free Sparring
    Lets the students experiment with techniques in a safe and secure environment. Careful rules are in place to prevent any dangerous techniques being used. This is sometimes mistakenly thought of as competitive sport.
    3 versus 1 Sparring (18-35) / 2 versus 1 Sparring (-18, 35+)

    3 versus 1 Sparring (18-35) (Sam-Tae-Il Matsogi )/ 2 versus 1 Sparring (-18, 35+) (Idale Matsoki)

    Is used to teach students how to defend themselves against multiple opponents. This is extremely complex and a very tiring method of sparring. This type of sparring is used as the student progresses towards Black Belt.

    Breaking on Adult Board

    Selection of points based technical breaks – to pass successful breaks must include one basic kick favoured leg and one basic kick less favoured leg, attempts at one hand technique, one reverse technique any leg, any jumping technique hand or foot (Please see breaking sheet)

    One technical break combination to boards must include one basic kick, one hand and one jumping technique.

    One Power break – Any leg technique 3/4 boards (3 for -75kg or Female Student / 4 for +75kg)

    Pure Self-Defence (Hosin Sool)

    Defence from multiple attacks in any order – Hosin Sool Kyon Bon
    Defence against fixed knife attacks relaxed (16+) –  Ilbo Matsogi Dae Dando
    Defence against weapons – sparring orientated. – (16+) Juyu Matsogi Dae Dando
    Defence against close range knife attacks (16+) – Hosin Sool Dae Dando
    Traditional Sparring (normal speed inclusive of take downs/low kicks. No dangerous techniques to be used 16+) – Chan T’ong Matsogi
    Defence against club/long weapon –  Hosin Sool Dae Gonbong
    Defence against Pistol  – Hosin Sool Dae Gwon Chong
    Demonstration of break fall and one throwing technique – Dunjigi Wa Torojigi
    Explanation of nine vital points of attack using relevant TKD techniques. Must be named correctly. (18+)
    Pin sparring – 2 seconds hold rule. (back to back 30 secs, 3x rounds)
    Defence from the ground – 3 techniques
    Hand to hand drill 1-6